Teaching and Learning Physics in Senior High Schools in Ghana: The Challenges and the Way Forward
Issue: 2020 - Volume 21 [Issue 3]
Isaac Sonful Coffie *
Department of Science, Wiawso College of Education, Ghana.
Bans Bandoh Frempong
Department of Science, Komenda College of Education, Ghana.
Department of Science, Ola College of Education, Ghana.
*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Aim: Considering the technological age that we find ourselves in this 21st century, it would be expected that, the number of students willing to study physics will increase exponentially. However, reports indicate a sharp reduction of students in physics classrooms. This study therefore sought to identify the challenges and way forward for improving physics teaching and learning in Senior High Schools in Ghana.
Study Design: Descriptive cross-sectional survey was used for the study.
Methodology: The main instrument used for the study was questionnaire. The sample size for the study comprised both physics teachers and students. The sample size for the teachers was made up of 38 teachers which comprised 34 males and 4 females who were selected using the convenient sampling approach. The sample size for the students consisted of 750 students selected by stratified sampling of which 520 were males and 230 were females.
Results: While the teachers perceived the most important factor affecting the teaching and learning of physics to be students-related problem, the students on the other hand perceived the major challenge affecting the teaching and learning of physics to be teacher-related. For both teachers and students, provision of adequate resources like well-equipped laboratories for teaching and learning is an assured way of improving the teaching and learning of physics in senior high schools in Ghana.
Conclusions: The challenges in teaching physics as perceived by both teachers and students are teacher related, student-related and resource-constraints It was recommended that the government must make conscious effort to provide the schools with adequate science resources to facilitate the practical approach to teaching and learning of physics.
Keywords: Teaching, learning, Physics, challenges, way forward