Open Access Short Research Article

Emotional Repercussion and Changes Experienced by Family Caregivers of Individuals with Alzheimer's: A Study in the Southern Region of Tocantins, Brazil

Camila Rocha de Oliveira, Ellen Fernanda Klinger, Daniely de Sousa Prado, Larisse Aires Moreira

Advances in Research, Volume 21, Issue 3, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/air/2020/v21i330188

Alzheimer’s disease is the most common dementia among the elderly, but unfortunately, the early symptoms are mistaken for natural aspects of age. Thus, knowledge is an excellent tool to get a diagnosis still in the early stage.

Aims: Therefore, this article addresses the psychological reactions of family caregivers of individuals with that disorder and coping conditions experienced by them.

Methods: To this end, an exploratory descriptive study of qualitative approach with semi-structured interviews with primary caregivers of individuals with Alzheimer took place, and some of the participants were appointed by indicated Regional Tocantinense Association Brasilian Alzheimer’s - ABRAZ, not exceeding the expected number, the researchers received help in the indication of caregivers who were already part of this research.

Results: Regarding the coping conditions, there was family resilience, some resorted even psychological aid, since the change in routine was essential for the welfare of the elderly. Five respondents knew little about the disease before diagnosis, however, they began to delve into the matter with a view to aid in the treatment. Thus the knowledge acquired over time only came to add, thereby contributing to an improvement in the quality of life in both parties.

Conclusion: The look of psychology facing the coping experienced by caregivers of individuals with Alzheimer’s is of paramount importance, as well as knowledge of caregivers about the disease, although acquired over time, contributed to an improvement in the quality of life of both parties.

Open Access Original Research Article

Precipice Edge: Winnicottiana Perspective before the Body, Aggressiveness and Suicide

Artemise Portela de Sousa, Kaio Filipe Jorge Abadia, Ellen Fernanda Klinger, Daniela Ponciano Oliveira

Advances in Research, Volume 21, Issue 3, Page 9-17
DOI: 10.9734/air/2020/v21i330190

Edge of cliff addresses an even little explored theme, but that every day has become common in society, self-aggression and suicide among young people. In this sense, the objective of this research was to analyze self-aggressiveness and suicide attempt, as well as to verify the main reasons and characteristics of aggressive and suicidal behavior in a young person with the developmental disorder; to examine susceptibility to aggressive behaviours in this; as well as to address the contributions of the psychologist professional in the performance with the individual with Cerebral Palsy and family. The subject of the research was a 22-year-old with Cerebral Palsy, attended the School of Psychology Service of Gurupi University. Twenty-one psychotherapeutic sessions of 50 minutes per week were performed during 10 interspersed months. The 6 meetings with the mother were also held for clarification and guidance on the procedures employed with the subject. The data were transcribed and analyzed qualitatively under the bias of psychoanalytic reading. Among the results, the reduction of aggressive behaviours that boosted suicide attempts could be verified, and the individual’s neuromotor impairment was taken into question. It was observed that suicide attempts acted as a request for help for family members. It is also emphasized the importance of the psychologist’s work in developing a relationship of trust, reception, respect, understanding, and equality towards the patient, who in this case were fundamental parts of the therapeutic process.

Open Access Original Research Article

Electronic Government Procurement Adoption in Ghana: Critical Success Factors

Daniel Ofori, Osman Issah Fuseini

Advances in Research, Volume 21, Issue 3, Page 18-34
DOI: 10.9734/air/2020/v21i330191

Aims: The study investigated the critical success factors for adopting an e-procurement in public sector procurement activities in Ghana.

Study Design: The study used descriptive survey design.

Place and Duration of Study: The study was carried out among some selected public sector organisations in Ghana from October 2019-January 2020.

Methodology: A total sample size of 215 procurement staff from public entities including: Department of Feeder Roads, Ghana Cocoa Board, Ghana Health Service, Koforidua Technical University and Tema Metropolitan Assembly. The data collection instruments were interview guide and questionnaires. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used as the analytical tools. Specifically, Principal Component Analysis (PCA) was used.

Results: The study found that users and stakeholders of the e-procurement perceive the availability of reliable, affordable and fast Internet services as the most critical success factor for the adoption of e-Procurement technologies. Furthermore, the study discovered that the critical success factors (CSFs) for e-procurement adoption can be categorized into organisational support for infrastructure set-up, system features, Monitoring and control and supportive human factors.

Conclusion: For e-Procurement technologies to adequately permeate the fabrics of the Ghanaian public procurement system, the government and stakeholders should put in place mechanisms that can help measure the metrics of physical ICT infrastructure provision; attract adequate internet infrastructure into the country and provide the necessary ICT infrastructure and leadership role in using e-Procurement technologies in their public procurement process.

Open Access Original Research Article

Teaching and Learning Physics in Senior High Schools in Ghana: The Challenges and the Way Forward

Isaac Sonful Coffie, Bans Bandoh Frempong, Eric Appiah

Advances in Research, Volume 21, Issue 3, Page 35-42
DOI: 10.9734/air/2020/v21i330192

Aim: Considering the technological age that we find ourselves in this 21st century, it would be expected that, the number of students willing to study physics will increase exponentially. However, reports indicate a sharp reduction of students in physics classrooms. This study therefore sought to identify the challenges and way forward for improving physics teaching and learning in Senior High Schools in Ghana.

Study Design: Descriptive cross-sectional survey was used for the study.

Methodology: The main instrument used for the study was questionnaire. The sample size for the study comprised both physics teachers and students. The sample size for the teachers was made up of 38 teachers which comprised 34 males and 4 females who were selected using the convenient sampling approach. The sample size for the students consisted of 750 students selected by stratified sampling of which 520 were males and 230 were females.

Results: While the teachers perceived the most important factor affecting the teaching and learning of physics to be students-related problem, the students on the other hand perceived the major challenge affecting the teaching and learning of physics to be teacher-related. For both teachers and students, provision of adequate resources like well-equipped laboratories for teaching and learning is an assured way of improving the teaching and learning of physics in senior high schools in Ghana.

Conclusions: The challenges in teaching physics as perceived by both teachers and students are teacher related, student-related and resource-constraints It was recommended that the government must make conscious effort to provide the schools with adequate science resources to facilitate the practical approach to teaching and learning of physics.

Open Access Original Research Article

Biogeochemical Analyses of Four Crude Oil Samples to Confirm the Presence of Terrestrial-organic Matter, Collected from the Murzuq Basin- Libya

S. Aboglila, M. Ramadan, A. Alburki, A. Albaghdady

Advances in Research, Volume 21, Issue 3, Page 43-50
DOI: 10.9734/air/2020/v21i330193

The Murzuq Basin, in Southwestern Libya, is one of Libyan’s most productive petroleum basins, with reserves estimated at 23 billion barrels recoverable of hydrocarbon equivalent within giant oil fields. Four crude oil samples collected from A1-NC186, E1-NC101, E2-NC101, H10-NC115 wells from Murzuq Basin, Libya, were suggested for bulk analysis and physical proprieties, alkane distribution and isoprenoids and the hopane, tricyclic terpane and sterane distributions of the oils, to confirm the presence of non-marine organic matter sources and/or any evidence of its existence. The oils show no significant variation in the ratios of the carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen and sulfur content (CHNS) composition. All samples recorded high to very high API° gravity, ranges 33.8 to 40.3; the sulfur values ranged from 0.31 to 0.45%, the wax ratio in crude oils is showing a great variety, E1-NC101and E2-NC101 oils show higher wax content, ranging from 6.1 to 6.7%. Pristine to Phytane ratios (Pr/Ph) range from 1.61 to 2.22 and the Pr/n-C17, Ph/n-C18, n-C17/n-C27 and CPI values determined as indicators of the depositional environment of the crude oils. The data of search confirmed that the crude oils were derived from marine, mixed and terrestrial sediments.

Open Access Review Article

A Conceptual Model and Medium Term Strategy Templates for Improving Housing Budget Performance in Anambra State, Nigeria

Stanley Chukwudi Ugochukwu, Arinze Emedosi, Francis Chinedu Emoh, Judith Chika Chinagorom

Advances in Research, Volume 21, Issue 3, Page 51-70
DOI: 10.9734/air/2020/v21i330194

This study advances a conceptual Housing Budget Performance Model (HBPM) and adapts medium term strategy templates to the housing sector of Anambra State for improving her annual housing budget performance and ultimately, housing delivery. This became expedient due to the prevalence of problems facing the budget process of the State. The Anambra State Government is still faced with poor budget performance arising from a myriad of challenges. Lacks of templates to monitor/track performance during housing budget implementation and review implemented budgets have also been attributed as causal factors for poor performance. The basis or platform for constructing the proposed HBPM was anecdotal evidences and in-depth review of salient budgeting models The researchers employed critical thinking in constructing the schematic model and explaining the operationalization of the variables, while the proposed medium term expenditure framework drew largely from the existing medium term framework presently used by the agriculture sector of Anambra State since it played a major role in its revitalization and sustenance. The conceptual HBPM developed is a holistic one; harmonizing the conventional budget process/stages/procedures and the peculiar nature of housing construction tendering, estimating and management, which also makes it unique. The implication of this model is that it will ensure that housing budget activities are focused on objective allocation, rational considerations, efficient preparation procedures, appropriate duration, execution, utilization of funds, monitoring and citizen participation. The medium term housing budget monitoring and review templates incorporates variables for checking housing targets, outputs, user impact, variance analysis of work done and remedial measures, which should be done every 3 or 4 years to give ample time for the housing program to make progress. The study recommends the HBPM and templates for further validation and possible adoption by the Anambra State Government, ministries, departments and agencies of housing, budget and economic planning.