Correlation between Anxiety and Smartphone Addiction in the Teenager Population at Kalam Kudus II Senior High School

D. Stefanus Gardino Setyo *

Faculty of Medicine, Tarumanagara University, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Yohanes Firmansyah

Faculty of Medicine, Tarumanagara University, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Sukmawati Tansil Tan

Department of Dermato-Venereology, Faculty of Medicine, Tarumanagara University, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Alexander Halim Santoso

Department of Clinical Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, Tarumanagara University, Jakarta, Indonesia.

. Ernawati

Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Tarumanagara University, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Noer Saelan Tadjudin

Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Tarumanagara University, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Susy Olivia Lontoh

Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Tarumanagara University, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Sari Mariyati Dewi Nataprawira

Department of Histology, Faculty of Medicine, Tarumanagara University, Jakarta, Indonesia.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Aims: To find out whether there is a correlation between anxiety and smartphone addiction in the teenager population at kalam kudus II senior high school.

Study Design: This research was a cross sectional study

Place and Duration of Study: Kalam Kudus II Senior High School Jakarta on December 15 2022 .

Methodology: This research was a cross sectional study, the target population in this study were all high school students. The reachable population in this study were all students at Kalam Kudus II Senior High School Jakarta. The sample of this study is part of the reachable population that meets the inclusion criteria.The minimum sample size required is 97 respondents (type I error of 5% with a research power of 95%).

Results: This study included 178 respondents who met the inclusion criteria. Based on the results of the Spearman Correlation Test, it was found that there was a positive correlation of 0.274 (Weak) and statistically significant (p-value <0.001). This means that the higher the anxiety and the higher the anxiety level will encourage an increase in the value of the Smartphone Addiction Scale.

Further analysis using post-hoc Bonferoni showed that there was a significant Smartphone Addiction Scale value between the moderate anxiety vs. mild anxiety (p-value : 0.035) and moderate anxiety vs. normal/minimal anxiety (p-value : 0.005)

Conclusion: A higher level of anxiety will cause the Smartphone Addiction Scale's value to rise, which is means that the more a person is addicted to a smartphone, the higher the level of anxiety that person feels.

Keywords: Addiction, anxiety, teenager, smartphone

How to Cite

Setyo , D. S. G., Firmansyah , Y., Tan , S. T., Santoso , A. H., Ernawati, ., Tadjudin , N. S., Lontoh , S. O., & Nataprawira , S. M. D. (2023). Correlation between Anxiety and Smartphone Addiction in the Teenager Population at Kalam Kudus II Senior High School. Advances in Research, 24(2), 8–16.


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