Antimicrobial Efficacy of Toothpastes Containing Fluoride against Clinically Isolated Streptococci mutans

Eze E. Ajaegbu *

Department of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Applied Sciences and General Studies, Federal College of Dental Technology and Therapy, P.M.B. 01473, Trans-Ekulu, Enugu State, Nigeria.

Calister U. Ezeh

Department of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Applied Sciences and General Studies, Federal College of Dental Technology and Therapy, P.M.B. 01473, Trans-Ekulu, Enugu State, Nigeria.

Adaobi J. Dieke

Department of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Applied Sciences and General Studies, Federal College of Dental Technology and Therapy, P.M.B. 01473, Trans-Ekulu, Enugu State, Nigeria.

Adaora L. Onuora

Department of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Applied Sciences and General Studies, Federal College of Dental Technology and Therapy, P.M.B. 01473, Trans-Ekulu, Enugu State, Nigeria.

Jane I. Ugochukwu

Department of Microbiology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Enugu State University, Enugu State, Nigeria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Dental caries is one of the prevalent oral diseases which affect all ages. Many chemical substances with antimicrobial properties, are effective against microorganisms causing dental caries. The objective of this study was to check the antimicrobial efficacy of some toothpastes  found in Enugu metropolis, Nigeria more specifically against clinically isolated Streptococci mutans. The antimicrobial efficacy of different brands of toothpastes marketed in Enugu metropolis  was assayed against Streptococci mutans using the agar well diffusion method. The clinical Streptococci mutans used for this study were taken from carious lesions of patients that  attended the clinic at Federal College of Dental Therapy and Technology, Trans Ekulu, Enugu, Nigeria and were isolated and cultivated using traditional laboratory methods. The present  study has shown that toothpaste which contains mint extract as herbal constituent and sodium fluoride had the highest antimicrobial activity, followed by toothpastes containing only sodium monofluorophosphate. Herbal toothpaste with mint can be a safe and effective alternative in the prevention of dental caries.

Keywords: Dental caries, Streptococci mutans, toothpaste, fluoride, herbal.


How to Cite

Ajaegbu, Eze E., Calister U. Ezeh, Adaobi J. Dieke, Adaora L. Onuora, and Jane I. Ugochukwu. 2020. “Antimicrobial Efficacy of Toothpastes Containing Fluoride Against Clinically Isolated Streptococci Mutans”. Advances in Research 21 (10):19-24. https://doi.org/10.9734/air/2020/v21i1030247.

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