Moringa oleifera: Resource Management and Multiuse Life Tree

Andréa F. S. Santos

CEB - Centre of Biological Engineering, University of Minho, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal

Luciana A. Luz

Departmento de Bioquímica, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, 04044-020 São Paulo-SP, Brazil

Emmanuel V. Pontual

Departmento de Morfologia e Fisiologia Animal, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Recife-PE, 52171-900, Brazil

Thiago H. Napoleão

Departmento de Bioquímica, Centro de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Avenida Prof. Moraes Rego, S/N, Cidade Universitária, Recife-PE, 50670-420, Brazil

Patrícia M. G. Paiva

Departmento de Bioquímica, Centro de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Avenida Prof. Moraes Rego, S/N, Cidade Universitária, Recife-PE, 50670-420, Brazil

Luana C. B. B. Coelho *

Departmento de Bioquímica, Centro de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Avenida Prof. Moraes Rego, S/N, Cidade Universitária, Recife-PE, 50670-420, Brazil

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Moringa oleifera Lamarck (Moringaceae family) is a plant native from the Western and sub-Himalayan parts of Northwest India, Pakistan and Afghanistan. This species is widely cultivated across Africa, South-East Asia, Arabia, South America and Caribbean Islands. M. oleifera culture is also being distributed in the Semi-Arid Northeast of Brazil. It is a multiuse life tree with great environmental economic importance in industrial and medical areas. This review reports different purposes of M. oleifera including sustaining environmental resources, soil protection and shelter for animals. This plant requires not much care and distinct parts have bioactive compounds. Moringa tissues used in human and animal diets, also withdraw pollutants from water. The seeds with coagulant properties used in water treatment for human consumption, remove waste products like surfactants, heavy metals and pesticides. The oil extracted from seeds is used in cosmetic production and as biodiesel. M. oleifera tissues also contain proteins with different biological activities, including lectins, chitin-binding proteins, trypsin inhibitors, and proteases. The lectins are reported to act as insecticidal agents against Aedes aegypti (vector of dengue, chikungunya and yellow fevers) and Anagasta kuehniella (pest of stored products) and also showed water coagulant, antibacterial and blood anticoagulant activities. The presence of trypsin inhibitors has been reported in M. oleifera leaves and flowers. The inhibitor from flowers is toxic to larvae of A. aegypti. The flowers also contain caseinolytic proteases that are able to promote clotting of milk. In this sense, M. oleifera is a promising tree from a biotechnological point of view, since it has shown a great variety of uses and it is a source of several compounds with a broad range of biological activities.

 

Keywords: Moringa oleifera, water treatment, bioactive proteins, lectins, trypsin inhibitor, proteases


How to Cite

F. S. Santos, Andréa, Luciana A. Luz, Emmanuel V. Pontual, Thiago H. Napoleão, Patrícia M. G. Paiva, and Luana C. B. B. Coelho. 2015. “Moringa Oleifera: Resource Management and Multiuse Life Tree”. Advances in Research 4 (6):388-402. https://doi.org/10.9734/AIR/2015/18177.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.