Open Access Original Research Article

Effects of the Activities of Cooperative Societies on Cassava Product Prices in Orhionmwon Local Government Area, Edo State, Nigeria

G. O. Alufohai, P. A. Ekunwe, C. E. Mogbolu

Advances in Research, Volume 15, Issue 3, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/AIR/2018/41639

This study dealt with the analysis of the effects of cooperative activities on cassava product prices in Orhionmwon LGA of Edo State, Nigeria. The socioeconomic characteristics of respondents, factors that affect cassava prices, effect of price fluctuation on farmers’ attitude to production, activities carried out by cooperative societies and their effects, both subjective (farmers’ perception) and objective (financial valuation) were examined. Primary data was utilized using structured questionnaire which was administered to 120 respondents who were selected using simple random sampling technique from 30 cooperatives obtained from a list of collected from the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Edo State. However, only 114 questionnaire retrieved were suitable for analysis. Value added approach was used to analyze the actual price changes caused by activities of cassava cooperative prices on market prices of cassava products. The data showed that seasonality, consumer demand, product quality, road network, cooperative activities, economic shocks, product nature, product form and consumer culture were the significant factors affecting cassava prices in the area. Farmers were seen to be affected by price changes, especially price increase which caused them to increase production. Activities of cooperatives were seen to include bulk sales, value addition, bulk purchase of inputs and buying off members. Value addition activities found to be significant include group processing, packaging, transport and storage. The effect of bulk sales on product prices was subjectively perceived to be significant while price change caused by bulk sales and group processing into garri, fufu, flour, starch and cassava chips were found to be significant with value added means of N 112.4, N 475.4, N 1479.4, N 1390.3, N 263.2, N 3277.1 respectively for 100 kg bags of cassava product. The study therefore recommended educating and advising farmers on the benefits of joining cooperatives to draw more patronage and participation to the cooperative societies. Also cooperatives should utilize better and improved technologies and perform more value addition activities to stabilize prices for farmers and improve their income.


Open Access Original Research Article

Eco-friendly Approach for Efficient Utilization of Growth Resources as Influenced by Integrated Nutrient Management in Cotton and Soybean Intercropping System

Amit M. Pujar, V. V. Angadi, D. N. Kambrekar

Advances in Research, Volume 15, Issue 3, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/AIR/2018/39308

Field experiment was conducted to study the integrated nutrient management on resource use efficiency of system, soil moisture content and available soil nutrients in cotton and soybean intercropping system. The experiment was conducted at plot number ‘101’ of ‘D’ block, All India Coordinated Research Project on soybean, Main Agricultural Research Station, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad, Karnataka (India) during kharif 2015 and 2016. According to the treatments, the organic manure (FYM) and green leaf manures (gliricidia and pongamia) were applied 15 days before sowing of the crop. Vermicompost was spot applied to soil before dibbling of seeds in cotton and soybean intercropping system in 1:2 row proportion, soybean introduced as intercrop in cotton with row spacing of cotton 120 cm and soybean 30 cm.

The highest canopy index was observed in T3 and all the INM treatments were superior over T1 (100 % RDF for cotton and soybean), except in T4 in 2016-17. The higher system productivity index was observed in T3 (150 % RDF for cotton and soybean), T2 (125 % RDF for cotton and soybean) and T17 (T1 + Vermicompost 1.25 t ha-1 + Gliricidia 2.5 t ha-1). This proved that T3, T2 and T17 were more beneficial over others in increasing the productivity of intercropping system. Soil moisture content did not differ significantly due to INM treatments during both the years and in pooled data at all stages. Maximum water holding capacity (Maximum WHC) differed significantly due to INM treatments during both the years and in pooled data. Integrated nutrient management improved the available nutrient status in the soil.

Integrated nutrient management ensures better availability of moisture, nutrients and improved the performance of cotton and soybean intercropping system. Farmers can adopt a fertilizer dose of 125 : 62.5 : 62.5 N, P2O and K2O kg ha-1 in cotton and soybean intercropping system or 100 : 50 : 50 N, P2O5 and K2O kg ha-1 along with Gliricidia + Pongamia 2.5 t ha-1 each for cotton and soybean intercropping for profitable yields.


Open Access Original Research Article

Comparative Assessment between Beneficiaries and Non-beneficiaries of MGNREGA in Arunachal Pradesh: A Case of Two Districts

Bai Koyu, Atanu Sarkar, Rajkumar Josmee Singh, Ram Singh

Advances in Research, Volume 15, Issue 3, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/AIR/2018/41900

The present study conducted in two districts of Arunachal Pradesh viz., Lower Subansiri district and West Siang district. The selection of respondents was designed in such a manner so that a comparative assessment could be made possible between the beneficiary (i.e. job card holding families) and non-beneficiary (i.e. non job card holding APL families as control) groups with their number being 80 and 40 respectively. Thus, 120 respondent households were selected in the from the four identified Gram Panchayats by way of taking recourse to probability proportionate to size sampling, so as to adequately compensate for the Gram Panchayat having a lower number of job card holding households. Socio-personal attributes like status of self-reliance, self-confidence, self-esteem, social participation and social inclusiveness were reflective of no statistically significant change. Among beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries, significant difference could be observed in terms of educational status of family members, expenditure pattern, extent of cosmopoliteness and social mobility pattern to mean that MGNREGA could not make any impact on those counts. In case of consumption pattern, there was significant difference in terms of pulses and vegetables consumption while in cases of cereals and protein (meat and fish) the differences between mean values were found to be insignificant.


Open Access Original Research Article

Influence of Foliar Application of Pulse Magic on Seed Yield and Economics of Pigeonpea Grown under North Eastern Dry Zone of Karnataka

J. R. Patil, Vijaysingh Thakur, Raju G. Teggelli

Advances in Research, Volume 15, Issue 3, Page 1-5
DOI: 10.9734/AIR/2018/41578

Pigeonpea is extensively grown in northeastern dry zone of Karnataka and it occupies a unique position in every cropping system of this zone. Crop Productivity of pigeonpea being low in the north-eastern dry zone of Karnataka and this is due to several reasons. One of the main important and major reason is flower drop and poor drop setting. To reduce this problem and to enhance productivity of pigeonpea Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK), Kalaburagi, Karnataka has carried out 100 Front Line Demonstrations (FLD) in Jewargi taluka of kalaburagi district with use of Pulse Magic (consists of nutrients and Plant growth regulators) as foliar spray during kharif 2017-18 in rainfed condition in the farmers field under National Food Security Mission (NFSM) and the majority of farmers were growing TS3-R variety. Foliar spray was carried out during 50% flowering stage and 15 days after 1st Spray. The result indicated due to foliar spray of Pulse Magic were: higher number of pods per plant (278), seeds per pod (4.3) and test weight (11.5 g), compared to control (191, 3.5  and 10.7 g, respectively). Due to increase in yield attributes higher seed yield was obtained (14.2 q/ha), as compared to control (11.6 q/ha). Consequent upon higher yield, higher net returns (Rs. 53800 /ha) were obtained in Pulse Magic spayed plots compared to unsprayed plots (Rs. 42600/ha).


Open Access Review Article

Review on Medicinal and Nutritional Importance of Honey

Tizita Mamo

Advances in Research, Volume 15, Issue 3, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/AIR/2018/38717

Honey is an organic natural substance that is produced from the nectar of flowers by Apis mellifera and is a sweet, flavourful liquid. Its composition and quality vary greatly with the botanical source of nectar as well as environmental and climatic conditions. These beneficial actions have been ascribed to its antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant potential. Honey contains sugars, organic acids, minerals, and proteins, enzymes and vitamins in trace amounts. The simple sugars in honey are responsible for its sweetness, hygroscopicity, energy value and other physical properties. Darker honeys to have higher concentrations of polyphenols, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Its greatest medicinal potential is its application as topical agent to wounds and skin infections.