Open Access Case study

Establishment of Tunas Harapan Islamic Hospitals at Salatiga, Central Java, Indonesia: A SWOT Analysis

Kusuma Agus Pery, Slamet Isworo

Advances in Research, Volume 15, Issue 4, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/AIR/2018/41115

Objective: The Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia's program is to improve the health status of the community and realise a better health status. Therefore, support from all sectors, both government and the private sector are required. Tunas Harapan Islam Hospital is a private hospital that wants to participate and take part in it by providing health services to the general public, especially in Salatiga city. This research is a case study that aims to obtain feasibility analysis of hospital establishment by using SWOT analysis.

Methodology: Type of research is quantitative research with SWOT analysis technique. The study was conducted around the project location of Salatiga Regency in March to August 2017 with 350 respondents.

Results: Based on the quantitative data obtained the result is the score of Internal Factor with a value of 1.10 and external factor score with a value of 0.10. This shows that position analysis of Islamic Hospital of Tunas Harapan is in quadrant I which shows have an excellent condition and advantageous that is with strength and more significant opportunity than weakness and threat so that the most appropriate strategy is Growth Strategy.

Conclusion: Formulation of the strategy of the establishment of Tunas Harapan Islamic Hospital is growth strategy because it has high chance and strength in facing competition with existing hospital. Therefore the plan of the establishment of Tunas Harapan Islamic Hospital in Salatiga to be continued.


Open Access Short Research Article

Simulation of the Thermal Behavior of Various Local Roofings for a Residential House in the Humid Tropics

Henri Wilfried Hounkpatin, Victorin Chégnimonhan, Guy Clarence Sèmassou, Dirk R. Nathaniels, Basile Kounouhewa

Advances in Research, Volume 15, Issue 4, Page 1-15
DOI: 10.9734/AIR/2018/42065

Most of the houses in Benin are built randomly, with arbitrary orientations and unsuitable materials. This lack of rigor in the design of edifices and the inappropriate choice of materials lead to the construction of premises that do not meet the climatic requirements and lead to excessive energy consumption in case of air conditioning. Thus, the purpose of this work is to explore the suitability of various local roofing materials eligible for the construction of residential premises and to analyze their impact on the overall thermal and environmental performance of houses. To achieve this, four different roofs were tested on a building chosen as a model. The thermal contributions of these different roofs, as well as the energy consumption, were determined by dynamic thermal simulations in order to apprehend the thermal behavior of the chosen building. The TRNSYS software was used to model the building and perform the various simulations. The study showed that the straw roof reduces the need for cooling by 37% compared to the reference building whose roof is made of concrete slab. With the terracotta tile roof, the heat load is reduced by 15%. On the other hand, the zinc sheet roof increases the cooling requirement by 40% compared to the concrete slab benchmark. The study revealed that there exists an economic and environmental interest to develop roofing made from local materials such as straw and terracotta.


Open Access Original Research Article

Zero Till Drill – A Suitable Tool for Sowing Wheat in Tal Area

Mrinal Verma, B. D. Singh, Prakash Chandra Gupta

Advances in Research, Volume 15, Issue 4, Page 1-5
DOI: 10.9734/AIR/2018/41030

The study was conducted in the Rajpur Tal of Bhagalpur district in Bihar through coordinating institution B.A.C., Sabour, Bhagalpur, Bihar. Zero Tillage wheat have shown primarily positive impacts on wheat crop management, particularly through reduced input needs combined with potential yield increases. Zero till drill is very useful implement for sowing wheat crop especially is such area where there is a little time for land preparation. In tal areas, water recedes in October and large area of field get exposed for sowing crop at a time. More in such areas due to high percentage of clay and low permeability of soil, proper tilth is not obtained by ploughing the soil which results poor yield of wheat crop. Studies for the suitability of zero till drill in Tal area recorded better performance of Wheat under the system. The maximum emergence was noted in case of zero till drill due to minimum resistance to germinating seeds. The effective tiller per square meter of field, no. of grains per panicle and 1000 grain weight is found to be more in case of sowing of wheat by zero till drill. The yield of grain has been noted 38q/ha by sowing the seed by zero drill.


Open Access Original Research Article

Preauricular Sinus: Presentation, Laterality Pattern, Ethnic and Gender Differences among Nigerians

A. Haastrup Adetunji, A. C. Haastrup, O. Adedeji Taiwo

Advances in Research, Volume 15, Issue 4, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/AIR/2018/40581

Background: Preauricular sinus (PAS) is a benign congenital malformation evident as a dell, sinus, or fissure usually located at or near the root of the anterior horn of the helix. This study aims to determine the incidence, laterality pattern with ethnic and gender differences among Nigerians.

Methods: The study was a cross sectional descriptive survey conducted in March 2015 using structured questionnaire.

Results: There were total of 374 participants with their ages ranged from (3 to 80) years. Majority were Yoruba 298(79.5%) followed by Igbo 40(10.7%). Fifty respondents have preauricular sinus giving a prevalence of 13.3% and majority of the affected 32(64%) were female. Thirty four (68%) of the affected were Yoruba followed by Hausa 9 (18%). Right side was mostly affected in 25(50%) and the right dominant was seen mostly among Yoruba and Igbo while left dominant was seen among Hausa. One person had repeated surgical excision due to recurrent infections and sinus discharge while 98.0% were asymptomatic. None of the subjects with PAS was found to have dysmorphic facial features, neither auricular defects nor renal and hearing affectation. 

Conclusion: Preauricular sinus has a relatively high prevalence with rare association with other congenital craniofacial or renal anomalies in our environment. There is a need for public enlightenment and more screening programmes of the disorder as well as a need for further studies to unravel the reason behind absence of associated other congenital anomalies with preauricular sinus in our environment.


Open Access Original Research Article

Geochemical Characteristics of Six Formations Based on Organic Geochemical Parameters, Murzuq Basin, Libya

S. Aboglila, M. Elaalem, Y. Ezlit, E. Farifr

Advances in Research, Volume 15, Issue 4, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/AIR/2018/42144

Cutting samples (n = 150) and Core samples (n = 6) from the Taouratine, Dembaba, Assedjefar Marar, Awaynat Wanin, Tanezzuft and Mamuniyat Formations ( Jurassic to Ordovician), derived from wells (A-3, B-1, H-1 and H-15), locate in the A, B and H fields, present in Murzuq Basin were analysed. Rock-Eval Pyrolysis, Total Organic Carbon and specific Aromatic Molecular Biomarker (by the use of chromatography- mass spectrometry GC-MS) as geochemical parameters implemented to investigate their Lithology, kerogen type, organic matter (OM) richness and maturity evaluation. Such Formations are fair to very good quantity of organic matter passing in the course of excellent source rocks, have average of organic carbon richness (TOC) value ranged between  0.2% to 16.7% with one anomalously rich sample at 666m (well H-1) where a dark grey shale has a TOC content of 46.1% and high potential yield over 90000 ppm. The studied rocks are ranged from immature to mature of hydrogen index (HI) ranged between 24 - 302 mg HC/g TOC versus pyrolysis Tmax, with dominance of kerogen II/III Type, resulted  based on HI versus oxygen index (OI), ranged from 3 to 161 mg CO2/g TOC. The Tmax , spore colouration (SCI)  and Vitrinite Reflectance (% Ro) as maturity parameters ranged among  425 - 445, 5 - 8.5 and 0.35 - 3 respectively. Aromatic hydrocarbon ratios by use of gas chromatography - mass spectrometry pointed to two levels of thermal maturity, where the high level of thermal maturity recorded in lower Silurian, whereas the less maturity was from other formations.