Open Access Short communication

Enabling Rural Youth to Generate Extra Income through Scientific Fish Farming under ARYA Project in Motihari District: A Success Story

Arvind Kumar Singh, Neelam Kumari, Ram Babu Sharma, Shri Kant, Jitendra Rajput, Ashish Rai, Satish Kumar Singh, Anshu Gangwar, Vikas Kumar Rai, Manish Kumar, Anand Kumar

Advances in Research, Page 41-43
DOI: 10.9734/air/2020/v21i730219

In this paper, we have presented a case study, where the benefits of fish farming have been shown. This study also shows how processing and value addition of agricultural commodities can raise the income of the farming community.

Open Access Original Research Article

Evaluating the Ecology and Distribution of Snail Hosts of Schistosoma at the Water Bodies in Ihitte-Uboma Area of Imo State

M. O. Nwachukwu, J. N. Azorji, A. A. Ukaoma, P. C. Onyebuagu, M. I. Izundu

Advances in Research, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/air/2020/v21i730214

Intermediate snail host of Schistosoma species are known to exist and constitute public health problems in Imo state. Effects on this study were devoted to evaluate the ecology and distribution of the snail hosts of Schistosoma species at the water bodies of Ihitte Uboma local Government area and this was researched during the months of June and September, 2015. A total of 600 pulmonate or lunged snails were collected using scoop net technique from different water bodies in five villages, out of these, 345 (57.5%) were dissected and screened for cercariae of human Schistosomes 67 (19.4%) tested positive. The snail infected were Bulinus  species 55 (82.1%) and Biomphalaria Pfeifferi (17.9%), out of the Bulinus species, Bulinus globosus recorded the widest ecological range, highest  distribution and infection rate of 44.8% followed by Bulinus truncatus (22.4%). The other two genera Lymnaea spp and Melanoides spp encountered in the study did not test positive for cercariae. Environmental modifications such as water resources development schemes in the area are some of the ecological and epidemiological risk factor promoting the spread of the snails. Statistically, presence of urinary and intestinal Schistosomiasis becomes indicated in Ihitte Uboma L.G.A. Regular and timing mollusciciding, malacological and public health education are therefore recommended and imperative.

Open Access Original Research Article

Performance Evaluation of LiBr-H2O Vapours Absorption System for an Office Building Cooling

Abhishek Ajay, R. S. Gill, Rupinder Pal Singh

Advances in Research, Page 9-21
DOI: 10.9734/air/2020/v21i730215

The aim of this paper is to assess the energy performance by simulation of a single effect LiBr-H2O vapour absorption system for office room cooling under Ludhiana (31°N) climate conditions. In an absorption cooling system, compressor which is using high grade energy, replaced by a combination of generator and absorber. The low grade heat is supplied to the generator which produces the cooling effect in the evaporator section. In the present work, lithium bromide is used as absorbent and water as refrigerant. A thermodynamic simulation of the cycle is carried out to investigate the effects of office room temperature and condenser temperature on the performance of the LiBr-H2O vapour absorption system. It was concluded that coefficient of performance (COP) increases from 0.55 to 0.75 as office room temperature increases from 22 to 30°C for fixed value of condenser temperature of 46°C. The maximum COP was observed when system runs on least value of condenser temperature.

Open Access Original Research Article

Efficacy of Various Concentrations of Honey Solution in the Fixation of Some Selected Tissues in Wistar Rats

U. Abubakar, A. Ishaq, O. O. Okechi, A. Umar, R. I. Tsamiya, M. O. Mohammed, A. T. Muhammad, . Mohammed, U. Mohammed, N. Okorie, F. A. Dogondaji, S. M. Sani, A. Abdulazeez, S. Y. Ma’aruf, H. Kabir, B. A. Bello, N. A. Idris, K. H. Magaji, A. H. Mohammed, M. U. Kalgo, A. I. Bagudo

Advances in Research, Page 34-40
DOI: 10.9734/air/2020/v21i730217

Introduction: Honey is thought to preserve the cells by preventing autolysis and putrefaction. Thus, studies have shown that honey has a good preventive putrefactive property mainly because honey contains seven tetracycline derivatives, fatty acids, lipids, amylases and ascorbic acid and hydrogen peroxide. Therefore, honey is used as an agent for preventing autolysis and putrefaction.

Aim: This research aims to investigate the efficacy of some concentrations of the honey solution in fixation of some tissues (Such as kidney, liver, heart, lungs and muscle).

Methodology: A Wistar rat was sacrificed by vertical abdominal incision and the above-mentioned organs ware fixed in 10% formalin (positive control), 10% honey and 20% honey this grouped the research specimen into 3 groups. Histological examinations of these organs were carried out. 

Results: Almost all the histological sections fixed in honey solution revealed normal nuclear as well as a cytoplasmic outline as compared with formalin-fixed organs, except for muscle which shown some level of swollen and fragmenting tissue.

Open Access Original Research Article

Response of Vermicompost and Biochar as Organic Soil Amendments on Growth and Yield of Brinjal in Red and Laterite Soil of Purulia District of West Bengal

B. Mahato, Chinanshuk Ghosh, F. H. Rahman, P. Biswas, D. C. Mahato

Advances in Research, Page 44-51
DOI: 10.9734/air/2020/v21i730220

A field experiment was conducted at KVK Kalyan instructional farm at Jahajpur of Purulia district of West Bengal during rabi season of 2018-19 to assess the effect of Biochar and Vermicompost as organic soil amendments on yield of brinjal under red and lateritic soils of Purulia, West Bengal. Biochar and vermicompost applied alone additionally in the farmers practice. The experiment design adopted was Randomised Block Design (RBD) having four replications with three treatments The treatments comprises of T1: Application of N:P:K  70:30:30 kg/ha (Farmers’ practice) + FYM @ 2 t/ha, T2: Farmers practice  + Vermicompost @ 5 t/ha, T3: Farmers practice  + Biochar @ 10 t/ha. The growth and yield attributing characters recorded was plant height at 30, 60, 90 and 120 DAT, number of fruits per plant, average fruit weight, yield per plant and total yield. Application of biochar and vermicompost had a significant effect on the growth and yield of Brinjal. Highest growth yield attributes and highest fruit yield (22.36 t/ha) were obtained due to the application of farmers practice + vermicompost @ 5 t/ha (T2). Application of biochar along with farmers’ practice did not show any significant results in brinjal yield as compare to vermicompost application treatment. The potential for long-term benefits of biochar remain to be explored through continued research in the red laterite soils of Purulia district of West Bengal.

Open Access Review Article

Quality Assurance in Stereotactic Radiosurgery and Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy

Yucel Saglam, Yasemin Bolukbasi, Ali Ihsan Atasoy, Fatih Karakose, Vildan Alpan, Ugur Selek, Ahmet Kucuk, Berrin Pehlivan, Erkan Topkan

Advances in Research, Page 22-33
DOI: 10.9734/air/2020/v21i730216

Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) and stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) have settled down in the center of modern palliative and recently curative intent treatments in the last two decades. Being special, technology-driven, direct knowledge and experience based clinical procedures, both SRS and SBRT require high precision, accuracy and reproducibility to be safely and effectively delivered, which delineates the importance of quality assurance (QA) procedures from head to toe. In this review, we focused on summary of the comprehensive QA program covering clinical, technical and patient-specific treatment aspects, which need to be individualized per department based on several current recommendation guidelines.