Open Access Short Research Article

Effect of Cow Dung Slurry and Termite Mount as Seed Treatment on Germination and Seedling Characteristics of Red Sanders (Pterocarpus santalinus L.f)

K. P. Vijayalakshmi, P. R. Renganayaki

Advances in Research, Volume 11, Issue 4, Page 1-4
DOI: 10.9734/AIR/2017/34246

Pterocarpus santalinus L.f. is a highly valued timber species, because of its “heavy, dark -red heartwood,” especially that possessing a ‘wavy’ grain. Propagated through mainly seeds; problem in seed germination because of hard seed coat, so limits poor seed germination production. Current study was carried out to find out best germination for enhancement treatment. The data were then analyzed by the ‘f’ test for significance at 0.05 levels by using statistical software agrees with completely randomized block design. Forest college and research institute Mettupalayam, Tamil Nadu agricultural university, one year study. Mature pods collected, were subjected to 4 treatments in 4 replications and the experiment was conducted in completely randomized block design. The results showed that Cow dung slurry 24 h and 72 h resulted more synchronized germination of 51 percent, followed by Cow dung slurry 48 h (44 %) as against 33% in control. Among all the treatment Cow dung slurry 24 h resulted more synchronized germination of 51 percent.


Open Access Minireview Article

Review on Consumer Opinions and Preferences Regarding Interior Design Products Made from Handlooms

M. Milcah Paul, P. Radha Rani, D. Ratna Kumari

Advances in Research, Volume 11, Issue 4, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/AIR/2017/35618

Handloom products are traditional consumer products. India has a rich and exclusive collection of Handloom products made in different states. There is a lot of fame for Indian handlooms all over the world. Their history dates long back and one can consider handlooms as a heritage of our country. Around ninety-five per cent of the handloom products seen in different parts of the world are from India. The Indian handloom products are one of the oldest on the planet and have a distinct place in the world of fabrics. But from the past few years; consumers are not buying or preferring handlooms due to various reasons. Some of the potential reasons include the changes in their trends, tastes and preferences; a feeling of lack of innovations in designs and materials; and ease of use of other fabrics which are brought out from organized textile sector. This is creating a huge loss to the weavers and the industry. Hence, the consumers should be educated to buy handlooms as they are beneficial to them (as they are not in more contact to the chemicals). This act of the consumers can help the weavers, country’s economy and also to the environment (as handlooms are natural products). Based on these insights, this paper tried to analyze the consumer opinions and preferences towards the handloom products, with a special focus on interior design products. The interior design products include Rugs, Carpets, Bed sheets, Curtains, Pillow and Cushion Covers, Table Linen, Towels, Napkins, Gloves, Mittens, Aprons, Accessories etc.


Open Access Original Research Article

Biochemical Characterization of Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. malvacearum Isolated from Infected Cotton Plant and It’s in vitro Sensitivity against Some Selected Chemicals

Salma Sarker, N. Sultana, F. M. Aminuzzaman

Advances in Research, Volume 11, Issue 4, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/AIR/2017/35626

Aim: The aim of our study is to isolate, identify and pathogenicity test of Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. malvacearum (Xam) causing bacterial blight of cotton and to determine the comparative efficacy of some selected chemicals and antibiotic in controlling Xam in vitro.

Place and Duration of the Study: This study was carried out at the Department of Plant Pathology, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka, Bangladesh from January, 2012 to December, 2013.

Methodology: Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. malvacearum was isolated from infected leaves, stems, branches, cotyledons and bolls of cotton. Biochemical characterization and in vitro sensitivity were evaluated as per the standard methods as described in materials and methods.

Results: The bacterium was gram negative, rod shaped and showed positive results in KOH solubility, starch hydrolysis, catalase, citrate utilization, motility indole ureas agar (MIU), gelatin liquefaction test and oxidase test. It produced, slightly raised, blond to bright yellow colour, mucoid colonies on NA medium; circular, flattened or slightly raised, yellow to bright yellow colour, mucoid colonies on YDCA medium and light yellow, mostly circular, slightly flattened on SX medium. In vitro evaluation of selected chemicals revealed that Streptomycin sulphate was highly effective against Xam. In in vitro condition, the highest inhibition zone (35.33, 36.17, 35.17, 33.5 and 32.33 mm after 24, 48, 72, 96 and 120 hrs., respectively) was observed in Streptomycin sulphate @ 0.15% treated plates.

Conclusions: Streptomycin sulphate showed higher effectivity against X. axonopodis pv. malvacearum compared with selected fungicides.


Open Access Original Research Article

Effects of Noise and Vibration on Subjects Exposed to Electrical Power Generating Set Pollution

Ama Anya Agwu, Nwigbo Solomon Chuka, Okolie Paul Chukwulozie, Aguh Patrick Sunday

Advances in Research, Volume 11, Issue 4, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/AIR/2017/35668

This research assessed the level of health effects of noise and vibration on human health from the use of local electric generating sets. This is a common practice in most of our homes and business places in developing countries. Sample of trading places in Ekwulobia, Aguata Local Government Area, Anambra State, Nigeria were considered as case studies. In this study, a sound level and a vibration meter were employed to measure the noise and vibration levels. Information on how users perceive vibration, sound and health effects accompanied by exposure to vibration and noise was obtained and analyzed with Chi-square test at 5% significant level. The results of the analysis showed a maximum value of vibration weighted root-mean-square (WRMS) of 6.14 m/s2, and minimum of 0.01 m/s2. The maximum value of noise was at 103.46 dB(A), the minimum at 80.72 dB(A). The maximum value of WBV and noise level was shown to be higher than the recommended value. There was also a relation between the ways the users respond to vibration and noise as well as some health effects at a p-value less than 0.05. The results showed that the use of electric powered generators in the areas studied exposed users to some health risks. 


Open Access Original Research Article

Association and Path Analysis among Sugar Yield and Components under Two Water Regimes in Sugarcane (Saccharum spp. Complex)

Gulzar S. Sanghera, Harmandeep Singh, Vikrant Tyagi, Rupinder Pal Singh, Lenika Kashyap

Advances in Research, Volume 11, Issue 4, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/AIR/2017/35914

Thirty sugarcane (Saccharum spp. hybrid complex) elite clones/varieties were evaluated for different sugar yield and other quality traits under two water regimes. Analysis of variance revealed significant differences among clones tested for different characters in both normal (E1) and water stress (E2) environments. Association studies showed that pol (%) in juice at 12 months  had maximum direct effect on commercial cane sugar (CCS) (t/ha) followed by brix (%) at 10 months, purity (%) at 10 months, pol (%) in juice at 10 months, fibre (%) at harvest, pol (%) cane percentage and juice extraction (%) at 10 months under water stress (E2) environment. CCS (%) at 12 months had maximum positive direct effect on CCS (t/ha) under normal (E1) conditions followed by pol (%) cane at harvest, pol (%) in juice at 12 months, juice extraction (%) at 10 months and 12 months and fibre (%) at harvest had negative direct effect. Under water stress (E2) conditions, pol (%) in juice at 12 months  had maximum direct effect on CCS (t/ha) followed by brix (%) at 10 months, purity (%) at 10 months, pol (%) in juice at 10 months, fibre (%) at harvest, pol (%) cane percentage at harvest and juice extraction (%) at 10 months. In present study revealed that traits like brix (%) 10 months, pol (%) in juice, pol (%) cane and juice extraction (%)  be emphasized for sugar yield (t/ha) improvement under water stress (E2) conditions.