Open Access Original Research Article

Mobile and Internet Addiction among Urban Respondents

Preeti ., Sushma Kaushik

Advances in Research, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/AIR/2018/41358

This study was done in Hisar city of Haryana state in India. Data were collected from 160 urban respondents of different age groups. Majority of respondents check their mobile phone within every five minutes (36.2%) followed by every notification (31.2%) and within every half an hour (18.7%). The overall scores indicate that respondents from 16-30 years and >30-45 years had a high addiction of smartphone while the other two groups had medium addiction by overall weighted mean score.


Open Access Original Research Article

Formulation and Evaluation of Complementary Foods from Flour Blends of Sprouted Paddy Rice (Oryza sativa), Sprouted African Yam Bean (Sphenostylis sternocarpa) and Pawpaw Fruit (Carica papaya)

N. E. Obasi, O. G. Ukah, C. J. Okakpu

Advances in Research, Page 1-18
DOI: 10.9734/AIR/2018/41864

Aims: To formulate a readily available complementary food that meets infant nutritional requirements and compares favourably with a popular commercial diet (Nestlé Nutrend)  from Brown rice grains (Oryza sativa), African yam bean seeds (Sphenostylis stenocarpa) and pawpaw fruit pulp (Carica papaya).

Study Design: The design of the experiment is a completely randomised design (CRD).

Place and Duration of Study: The study took place at the Department of Food Science and Technology, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike between January and October 2017.

Methodology: Brown rice grains (Oryza sativa), African yam bean seeds (Sphenostylis stenocarpa) and pawpaw fruit pulp (Carica papaya) were used to formulate a complementary food. The cereal and legume used were sprouted and made into flours then mixed with dried pawpaw flour. Three complementary diets in the proportion 60:30:10, 65:25:10 and 70:20:10 were formulated. Standard chemical methods were used to analyse their proximate composition, micronutrient composition and functional properties. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and Duncan's multiple range test, with the level of significance set at p =0.05.

Results: One-hundred-gram portion of the formulated diets were analysed to contain dietary fibre in the range of 3.36% to 3.61% and thus would be easily digestible. These diets showed superiority over the commercial diet in their protein content which was 20.52%, 19.83% and 19.17% respectively following the ratio above against 14.18% for Nutrend. On the other hand, Nutrend -the commercial diet recorded 14.47 mg of iron whereas the study diets had higher iron levels of 20.42 mg for 60:30:10, 20.65 mg for 65:25:10 and 20.88 mg for 70:20:10. The flours were low in bulk density although the commercial diet was lower. Its carotenoid, thiamine and riboflavin levels fell short of Codex recommended levels for complementary foods. However, vitamin C values met the 13.34 mg Codex standard for complementary foods although the vitamin C value for the control diet- Nutrend was higher. Sensory characteristics showed that the porridges were generally slightly liked. Use of these formulated complementary foods especially diet 60:30:10 may be encouraged as an alternative to the regular poor nutrient traditional complementary foods and the expensive commercial formula.

Conclusion: Nutrient-dense complementary food can be successfully produced from brown rice, an under-utilised legume- African yam bean seeds and pawpaw fruit. The diets can be used by urban and rural mothers to feed infants during complementary feeding periods and have great potential in substituting more expensive commercial formula products while solving the problem of protein-energy malnutrition.


Open Access Original Research Article

Total Productive Maintenance (TPM) as a Business Strategy in Manufacturing Small and Medium Enterprises in Nigeria

C. Ihueze Chukwutoo, C. Igbokwe Nkemakonam

Advances in Research, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/AIR/2018/41330

The goal of this study is to provide insights into total productive maintenance implementation as a business strategy in a manufacturing SME in Nigeria that has had success in implementing it. A combination of a qualitative and quantitative investigation was used for this study, which comprises of literature review, questionnaire survey, comprehensive interviews, and direct observation. In order to achieve competitive advantage in the manufacturing sector, implementing TPM is an effective business strategy, thus this study reviewed Total Productive Maintenance (TPM) implementation as a business strategy in a manufacturing SME in Nigeria, and it was found that Total Productive Maintenance (TPM) not only improved overall equipment effectiveness (OEE) but also created a safe working environment enabling workers to achieve goals working as a team, thus increasing morale in the enterprise.


Open Access Original Research Article

Extraction of Fibres for Development of Yarns from Plant-Waste Material: Ashoka (Polyalthia longifolia)

Lalita Rani, Kanwaljit Brar

Advances in Research, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/AIR/2018/41400

The present study was focused on the development of blended yarns using ashoka                                 bast fibres extracted from pruned ashoka plant-waste material, the usefulness of which                              was hardly explored for the purpose. Unethical and un-thoughtful disposal of huge amount of                       a plant waste is causing multiple hazards through deterioration of the environment and consequently, the public health. Development of textile textures from plant-waste may help in addressing to this problem, in addition to providing self-employment through entrepreneurship development in related products. The study was focused on chemical extraction of                               ashoka (P. longifolia) fibres and properties of blended yarns. Ashoka barks were treated in 3% alkali solution (1:20 MLR) at a high temperature (100–120ºC) for 2.5 hours. Softening of fibres                            was done with silicone emulsion (0.5% by weight of fibres) at room temperature. High denier value for ashoka fibres (76.45) and bundle strength (24.75 g/tex) were observed. Length of ashoka fibres (59.64 mm) was more than the wool fibres with moisture content 9.70%. The extracted ashoka fibres were hand spun in two types of yarns-ashoka (100%) and the blend of ashoka/wool (50:50). Higher tenacity (1.09 gf/tex) and breaking force (892.0 gf/denier) of 100% ashoka yarn were found in comparison to 50A:50W blended yarn. Furthermore, higher yarn count 1.77s was observed in case of 50A:50W. Both the yarns were considered suitable for developing fabrics for home textiles and apparel.


Open Access Review Article

Dactylis glomerata L. (Cock’s Foot/Orchard Grass): A Potential Temperate Forage Grass for Cultivation in North Western Himalaya

Nazim Hamid Mir, Suheel Ahmad, Sheeraz Saleem Bhat

Advances in Research, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/AIR/2018/42352

Animal husbandry is the primary occupation of people inhabiting Himalayan regions, but the forage cultivation has remained almost neglected and restricted to the lower Hills. The majority of the fodder (62%) is extracted from forests (tree, shrub, leaves and herbaceous ground flora) and remaining (38%) is derived from agroforestry systems, low altitude grasslands, degraded lands, high altitude grasslands and crop residues. The unabated exploitation of natural resources of the Himalayas like reckless cutting of trees, indiscriminate use of grazing areas and absence of rehabilitation programmes has led to denudation of hill slopes, which has resulted in critically low biomass availability and adverse effects on livestock productivity. Exploration of alternatives such as cultivation of hardy perennial temperate forage grasses like Dactylis glomerata on a range of landforms like within tree-based systems to fallow and sloppy lands etc provide opportunities for forage resource augmentation in the region. Orchard grass (Dactylis glomerata L.) is one of the most commonly used forage species and has become naturalized in nearly every continent. It has been recognized as an excellent hay, pasture, and silage crop. The present paper discusses the potential and opportunities of Dactylis glomerata in Northwestern Himalayan region vis-à-vis fodder resource augmentation.