Open Access Original Research Article

Impact of Technological Infrastructure on Quality of Service in the Nigerian Health Sector

B. A. Oluwale, T. O. Olaposi, T. O. Adedeji, O. S. Ayanlade

Advances in Research, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/AIR/2018/40368

Background: This study investigated the level of infrastructure in Nigerian hospitals, assessed the quality of service in the hospitals and examined the impact of infrastructure on quality of service.

Methods: Survey method was used. Two sets of questionnaire were administered on patients and workers in primary, secondary and tertiary health care facilities.

Summary of Results: There were 207 respondents made up of 92 health workers and 115 patients. Inadequacy of manpower and utilities was generally reported by the health workers. The overall mean for (Doctors, Nurses, Ward aids and Laboratory staffs adequacies) were 1.31, 1.31, 1.49 and 1.21 respectively with laboratory staff as the most inadequate. Also, among the diagnostic facilities, laboratory equipment is very inadequate (mean of 1.06). Perception by patients also shows gross inadequacy of manpower with overall mean of 1.94, 1.88, 1.65 and 1.50 for doctors, nurses, ward aids and laboratory staffs respectively with laboratory staff as the most inadequate similar to the perception by the hospital workers.

Majority (44.3%) of the patients were satisfied with the services rendered by medical doctors and the nurses (50.4%), but a weighted average of 1.82 shows that they were not satisfied with the services rendered by the laboratory staff. Similarly, a weighted average of 1.87 shows that patients were not satisfied with the total time taken before medical care was given.

Concerning mode of payment through National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS), majority (92.2%) were not satisfied due to their non-awareness of the scheme. Most (51.3%) of the patients made payment by self but a weighted average of 1.87 shows general dissatisfaction with it. 

Impact of staff/infrastructure inadequacy on quality of service shows statistical significant relationships (p<0.05) with gross mismatch of patients and workers. On regression analysis about impact of infrastructure on the quality of service, the effect is 48% of the total variation in gross mismatch, and F value is high (7.324) with health workers’ p-value of 0.00. Therefore, there is a significant impact of the infrastructure on the quality of service.

Conclusion: The study concludes that there is a need to improve on the quality and quantity of modern health infrastructure provided for Nigerian health care centres.


Open Access Original Research Article

Lean Accounting and Waste Management in Brewery Industry in Nigeria

Daferighe, Emmanuel Emeakponuzo, James, Emmanuel Eno, Offiong, Patience Etim

Advances in Research, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/AIR/2018/40484

The failure of conventional cost reduction techniques to yield the expected result brought about the thinking toward the implementation of Lean Accounting principles. Boston Consulting Group claims that practical application of Lean Accounting principles and tools significantly reduces process waste and its associated cost. This study was carried out to examine the influence of the practice of Lean Accounting on waste management in Brewery Industry in Nigeria.  A survey research design was adopted in this study. The primary source of data was primary data collected through a structured questionnaire administered to 50 workers in Champion Breweries. The data collected were analysed with Chi-Square statistic. The result of the assumption tested revealed that the practice of Lean Accounting does not significantly influence waste management in Brewery Industry in Nigeria. This is because the industry in Nigeria is yet to embrace the concept fully. From the result, it was concluded that there is no significant influence of the practice of Lean Accounting on waste management in Brewery Industry in Nigeria. However, given the numerous benefits of the practice of the Lean Accounting, it was recommended that management in the industry should undertake to train their staff on the Lean principles and practice of Lean Accounting and ensure its full incorporation into the production process. This will lead to effective and efficient management of waste to provide good quality of their products which will ultimately add value to all stakeholders in the long run.


Open Access Original Research Article

Cash Flows and Earnings in Predicting Future Cash Flows: A Study of Deposit Money Banks in Nigeria

Adebimpe Otu Umoren, Nsima Umoffong

Advances in Research, Page 1-13
DOI: 10.9734/AIR/2018/41226

The researchers examined the abilities of past cash flows and past earnings in predicting future operating cash flows of Nigerian Money deposit banks. Ex-post facto design was used in conducting the study while sampling 13 out of the 14 deposit money banks listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange from 2011 to 2016. The study employed Descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation and OLS regression techniques; where key findings revealed that past earnings has ability in predicting future operating cash flows than past cash flows. In addition the study revealed that disaggregation of earnings into net income and other comprehensive income generate superior explanatory power compared to total comprehensive income with regards to predicting future operating cash flows. Overall, this study provides evidence on the usefulness of earnings computed under IFRS to predict future cash flows of quoted deposit money banks in Nigeria.


Open Access Original Research Article

Effect of Sucrose and Boric Acid on in-vitro Pollen Germination of Guava (Psidium guajava) Varieties

Tanmoy Sarkar, Sushanta Kumar Sarkar, Sathish Vangaru

Advances in Research, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/AIR/2018/41145

The Premise of Research: To reproduce, higher plants utilize a unique multicellular microorganism: The male gametophyte, or pollen grain. It is known fact that pollen has a strong impact on physical and biochemical quality of fruit. Pollen germination and pollen tube growth are prerequisites for fertilization and seed development. Information about pollen germination will be helpful in the production of hybrids, which is an important step in a breeding program. In guava, such work on the pollen growth under the in-vitro condition is not clearly reported. So the aim of the study is to find the suitable media for in-vitro pollen germination of guava.

Methodology: We used four different concentrations of sucrose and boric acid like 10%, 15%, 20% and 25% and 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8 g/l respectively. Using a brush, we evenly distributed the pollen over the culture medium in order to achieve the most homogeneous distribution of the material possible. After inoculation, the dishes were maintained in the dark at controlled temperature conditions (27±1ºC). These processes took place 2-4 h after inoculation, within the culture medium, by means of observation through a binocular stereomicroscope at 10× magnification.

Results: The pollen germination was maximum 81.52% in Hissar Surkha at 10% sucrose solution and the boric acid concentration at 0.8 g/l shows the maximum germination rate (87.00%) in L-49 variety. The germination rate increases with increasing the boric acid concentrations. The boric acid concentration at 0.8 g/l shows the maximum germination rate (87.00%) in L-49 variety and the lowest was 75.73% in Kafri after three hours and with the same medium, highest pollen tube growth 42.25 µm in L-49 variety.

Conclusion: The results suggest that the suitable media for pollen germination and pollen tube growth of guava under the in-vitro condition is boric acid (0.8 g/l) as well as sucrose (10%) solution.


Open Access Original Research Article

An Overview of the Sample Registration System Based Life Table in Assam

N. Sanajaoba Singh, Khaidem Shuranjoy Singh, L. Hemochandra

Advances in Research, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/AIR/2018/40769

Life table is a statistical tool that summarizes the mortality experience of a population and yields information about longevity and life expectation. The present study aims to calculate the components of life table for the state of Assam which is located in the north-eastern part of India. The result indicates that the life expectancy at birth in Assam has been 63.5 and 66.2 years for males and females respectively. The life expectancy of female is higher than their male counterpart in all the age groups. The finding also reveals that the life expectancy for urban areas is higher than that of rural areas. The study may have some policy implication that would help the planners and policy makers of the government to take necessary steps in achieving life expectancy as high as possible.