Open Access Short Research Article

Management of Climatic Degraded Embankment of the River Nakanbé (Burkina Faso) by Participatory Reforestation

D. Millogo, G. Y. Ouoba, Y. Koussoubé, K. Ouattara, P. N. Zombré, E. C. D. Da

Advances in Research, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/AIR/2018/38573

The reforestation of the river banks is a form of resilience of populations facing climate change, soils erosion, silting and sedimentation of rivers. In its participatory form, the reforestation highlights the primordial role of the riverside populations in the management of water resources. The present study made it possible.

This paper evaluates the soil and vegetation parameters indicating the stabilization of the rivers banks. The methodology is based field description and characterization of vegetation and soils depending the oldness of reforestation.

This study shows that the participatory reforestation approach for the reconstruction of degraded vegetation and soils, reduce silting of the banks and contributing to fix the banks. However, the participatory approach remains limited by the lack of plants and their accessibility in the villages for reforestation; in addition there is a still incomplete mastery of the technique of river banks' reforestation.

 

Open Access Opinion Article

Waning Impacts of Research on the Society: An Inconvenient Truth

Babatunde Joseph Oso

Advances in Research, Page 1-3
DOI: 10.9734/AIR/2018/37940

The spirit of careerism and competition among researchers has lessened the impact of academic research on society creating a halt that abates the unification of academic and professional service. If academic research will address some of the public problems, there must be a shift in the paradigm. The new paradigm should be a type that underscores increase in knowledge with the goal of promoting partnership between the society and research.

 

Open Access Original Research Article

Effect of Macronutrient and Morphoframe Manipulation on Growth, Yield and Economics of Bt Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)

Siddu Malakannavar, A. S. Halepyati, G. S. Yadahalli, B. M. Chittapur, K. Narayanrao, V. Ambika

Advances in Research, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/AIR/2018/38557

Aim: Improving the cotton yield with best nutrient levels and effective modification of morphology by optimize the growth.

Study Design: Factorial randomized complete block design.

Place and Duration of Study: Agricultural College Farm, Raichur, (Karnataka, India) and Kharif 2016.

Methodology: The experiment was laid out in factorial RCBD with 18 treatments replicated thrice. The studies included three recommended dose of fertilizer (RDF) (F1: 75% RDF, F2: 100% RDF (180:90:90 kg NPK ha-1), F3: 125% RDF) and six morphoframe manipulation practices (B1: Control, B2: Mepiquat chloride @ 100 ppm at 70 and 90 DAS, B3: Nipping during  85-95 DAS, B4: Boron @ 0.1%  at 70 and 90 DAS, B5: Nipping with Boron @ 0.1% at 70 and 90 DAS, B6: Boron @ 0.1% along with Mepiquat chloride @ 100 ppm at 70 and 90 DAS).

Results: The result of this experiment revealed that there was significant difference in growth, yield contributing characters with respect to macronutrient levels and morphoframe manipulations. Application of 125 per cent RDF recorded significantly higher seed cotton yield (3420 kg ha-1) when compared to 100 per cent RDF (3088 kg ha-1) and 75 per cent RDF (2517 kg ha-1). Foliar spray of mepiquat chloride @ 100 ppm along with boron @ 0.1% at 70 and 90 DAS recorded significantly higher seed cotton yield (3318 kg ha-1) and it was at par with foliar spray of boron @ 0.1% with nipping during 85-95 DAS (3274 kg ha-1) over the control (2705 kg ha-1).

 

Open Access Original Research Article

Development of an Informal Sector and Tenement Taxes Monitoring and Compliance Enforcement Using Intelligent Based Electronic Policing System

Olumuyiwa O. Fagbohun, Obiseye Obiyemi

Advances in Research, Page 1-16
DOI: 10.9734/AIR/2018/38046

Poor tax administration and tax evasion by the informal sectors, as well as non                                  adherence to tenement tax payments with poor statistical data are of concern to local and                        State governments in Nigeria. This paper studies the problems associated with tax evasion                    which can be eliminated through the development of an intelligent based electronic policing of citizens in payments of their taxes with tax wizard platform. The tax wizard was developed with a web based css, html and java script programming language at the front end, and SQL at the back end to interact with the database to access each citizens records, and give information to the citizen on its tax liabilities with tax value cards for easy payments; as well as give every property a tax coded number, with caretaker records for default contact. The results shows that with the use of security identification of each citizen registered, the citizen can easily be monitored by various government establishment to enforce compliance. It is discovered that the application of the system will erase issues relating to corruption, tax evasion by the informal sector players, increase the revenue generation of government and improve the level of compliance, leading to a better economic growth.

 

Open Access Original Research Article

Impacts of Flood Simulation in 3d and Swat Environment of Terengganu River Catchment

Ibrahim Sufiyan, Razak Bin Zakariya

Advances in Research, Page 1-14
DOI: 10.9734/AIR/2018/38886

Flood is natural hazard influenced by climatic and anthropogenic factors. The Terengganu River catchment is located near the South China Sea has been flooding during heavy monsoon season with strong rain-bearing winds to the interior coastal zones of Kuala Terengganu. The ArcSWAT extension of ArcGIS 10.3 and ArcScene 10.3 has been used to design 3D models simulations to predict flood risk event through the stream flow and elevation data derived from ASTER DEM. The Hydrologic Response Units (HRUs) provided the sub-basins parameters which are overlaid with the real-time simulations to determine which sub-basins are affected by flood risk. The flood animation is developed for mitigation and quick decision making for safety and evacuation of flood victims in the Terengganu River catchment. The 3D simulations produce flood risk zones models which illustrate the affected zones by the flood. The 25 sub-basins parameters have distinct characters which influence the stream flow, soils, slopes and land cover. That represent areas affected by flood in Kuala Terengganu. The 25 sub-basins parameters have unique characteristics that influence the river flow, land cover, soil and slopes.