Open Access Original Research Article

Effect of Different Sources of Organic Manures on Growth and Yield of Foxtail Millet (Setaria italica L.) under Integrated Organic Farming System

P. Upendranaik, Satyanarayana Rao, B. K. Desai, D. Krishnamurty, Vidyavathi G. Yadahalli

Advances in Research, Volume 13, Issue 2, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/AIR/2018/38541

Aims: To increase the area of millets under cultivation and also to create awareness about the use of different organic manures in agriculture.

Study Design:  Randomized complete block design.

Place and Duration of Study: Department of Agronomy, MARS, University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur, 2016 (kharif).

Methodology: As a part of the experiment, the solid wastes like cow dung, bullocks dung, feed waste, cattle shed wastes and all the goat droppings produced by livestock components in IFS were stored, composted and available quantity of nutrients in various organic manures was worked out on a dry weight basis. This available quantity of organic manure obtained from livestock components of IFS was calculated and utilized as per different treatment schedule.

Results: Results of study revealed that higher plant height (183.11 cm), Leaf area (22.60 cm2       plant-1), dry matter production (22.08 g plant-1), total number of tillers at harvest (2.73), grain yield       (1841 kg ha-1), stover yield (7066 kg ha-1) and harvest index (0.21) increased significantly due to application of jeevamrutha + mulching + IFS compost + vermicompost + panchagavya over control. The highest gross return (Rs. 56,996) and net return (Rs. 39,846) was obtained with jeevamrutha + mulching + IFS compost + vermicompost + panchagavya and minimum with control. This treatment is followed by jeevamrutha + mulching + IFS compost + panchagavya and IFS compost + panchagavya.

Conclusion: A long-term field investigation is needed to ascertain the benefits of organic manures and/ or liquid manures on yield and quality of millets and their effect on soil physical, chemical and biological properties.


Open Access Original Research Article

Variance Estimation Using Linear Combination of Skewness and Quartiles

M. A. Bhat, S. Maqbool, S. A. Saraf, Ab. Rouf, S. H. Malik

Advances in Research, Volume 13, Issue 2, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/AIR/2018/37321

In this paper we have suggested Modified ratio type variance estimators where in our aim is to estimate the population variance in the presence of outliers, when there is strong correlation between auxiliary variable and study variable by using, the linear combination of skewness and quartiles as auxiliary information. To judge the efficiency of suggested estimators over existing estimators practically, we have carried out the Bias and Mean square error of proposed and existing estimators and suggested estimators have proven better performance than the existing estimators.   


Open Access Original Research Article

Subbasins Flood Risk Simulations Using 3D and Swat in the River Catchment of Terengganu

Ibrahim Sufiyan, Razak Bin Zakariya

Advances in Research, Volume 13, Issue 2, Page 1-16
DOI: 10.9734/AIR/2018/38948

Real-time 3D simulation of the flood was conducted to identify and predict flooded zones in Terengganu river catchment. The use of GIS techniques in conjunction with remote sensing data obtained from ASTER DEM provides satellite imagery of high resolution. The flood was simulated with a visual prediction of very high flood risk zones to shallow flood risk zones within the catchment. The 3D from the ArcScene environment of ArcGIS 10.3 including ArcSWAT software package is used for the creation of flood risk models for mitigation. The models describe how 25 individual subbasins parameters were affected by flood in the catchment area of Terengganu. The flood models would be useful to relevant authorities for early warning scheme for robust mitigation, planning, and management.


Open Access Original Research Article

Limnological Status of Sarvepalli Reservoir, Nellore District, Andhra Pradesh

K. Chalapathi, K. Madhavi, C. Prabhanjan Kumar Reddy, N. Jesintha

Advances in Research, Volume 13, Issue 2, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/AIR/2018/38584

Present work was carried out to assess the physicochemical parameters of water samples of Sarvepalli reservoir of River Penna during November 2016 to May 2017 for seven months. Various water quality parameters including Air temperature, Water temperature, pH, Turbidity, total alkalinity, total hardness, Free Carbon Dioxide (CO2), Dissolved Oxygen (D.O), Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), Chlorides, (Total Dissolved Solids) TDS and total ammonia were estimated whereas, correlation coefficients between different parameters of both the stations upstream and downstream were also analysed. Water quality of the reservoir is following the drinking water standards concerning turbidity, pH, TDS, total alkalinity, total hardness and total ammonia except for BOD.


Open Access Original Research Article

The Perception of Staff on Hawking at the College of Technology Education, University of Education, Winneba

Abena Serwaa Amoatemaa

Advances in Research, Volume 13, Issue 2, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/AIR/2018/37920

Aim: The study sought to evaluate the perception of staff on hawking at the College of Technology Education, University of Education, Winneba. Four specific objectives guided this study: (1) To determine staff perception of hawking on the campus, (2) To find out whether staff benefit from hawking on the campus (3) To determine the factors influencing hawking on the campus, and          (4) To examine staff perception on measures for eradicating hawking on the campus.

Study Design: A quantitative approach using exploratory research design was used.

Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted at the College of Technology Education, University of Education, Winneba, Ghana between May to July 2017.

Methodology: Using a cross-sectional design, self-designed structured questionnaires were administered to 150 respondents who were selected using stratified sampling method. Data obtained from the field were analyzed using descriptive statistics.

Results: With a response rate of 80%, hawking was perceived to be to an eyesore and unsightly activity (m=4.22, ±SD=0.882) capable of denting the image of the University (m=4.09, +SD=1.079).  Aside being beneficial in the area of saving time and energy (m=3.43, ±SD=1.505) and the                     ease of getting goods at convenient location (m=3.37, ±SD=1.401), lack of mini markets            (m=3.95, ±SD=1.388) was held to be influencing hawking and intensifying security patrols     (m=4.10, ±SD=0.929) was advocated as a key measure for eradicating hawking on the Campus.

Conclusion: Staff are conscious of the benefits accrued from hawking but continue to perceive it as an eyesore and unsightly activity. Destroying hawkers wares as a measure to eradicate hawking was seen not to be supported by staff but intensifying security patrols as well as pasting notices to ward off potential and prospective hawkers from the campus were adjudged to be effective.