Open Access Case study

Studying the Effect of Urban Furniture on Urban Safety

Sahar Ojani

Advances in Research, Volume 19, Issue 5, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/air/2019/v19i530135

Lack of attention to efficiency in the space and its qualitative elements has led to side effects such as lack of environmental visual qualities, disorder and also of space efficiencies. These matters affect the safety and security of urban spaces. To maintain the effectiveness of urban spaces, it should be logical to have compatibility among the qualitative elements and the social and cultural specifications of the citizens from the physical and psychological aspects. At other side, the inefficiency of urban furniture emptied them from their aesthetic values and so-called modern equipment including more welfare facilities for the citizens according to their ontological philosophy and creates favourite urban spaces. However, they have been converted into inefficient and polluting elements in urban spaces. But with the proposed urban furniture designing, efficient urban spaces and identity presentation elements can be created.

Open Access Original Research Article

Development of Drudgery Reducing Tools for the Workers in Food Processing Enterprises

Aprajita Kumari, Harpinder Kaur

Advances in Research, Volume 19, Issue 5, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/air/2019/v19i530132

Food processing is a drudgery prone activity and exposes the workers to several musculoskeletal discomforts. The present study was conducted to identify the most drudgery prone activities in micro, small and medium scale food processing enterprises and thereafter develop the tools to reduce the drudgery. For testing the feasibility of tools, 15 respondents were selected and they were allowed to work with and without the tool, and their responses were recorded. Results revealed that all the developed tools were acceptable by the respondents on musculoskeletal factors, grip fatigue, physical stress factors, work output factors, tool factors and acceptability factors.

Open Access Original Research Article

To Identify the Problems Faced by the Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Growers in Hoshiarpur District of Punjab

Deepti ., J. S. Bhalla, L. Mohapatra

Advances in Research, Volume 19, Issue 5, Page 1-4
DOI: 10.9734/air/2019/v19i530133

The study entitled status and prospects of medicinal and aromatic plants in Hoshiarpur district of Punjab was under taken with the objectives to identify the problems faced by the medicinal and aromatic plants growers in Hoshiarpur district of Punjab. Four blocks of Hoshiarpur district namely Bhunga, Dasuya, Hajipur and Talwara were selected, 20 farmers were selected from the each block thus the total sample comprised of 80 farmers  for the present study were selected. The data were collected by personal interview approach method, tabulated and analyzed using appropriate statistical tools. The findings of the study revealed that 87.50 per cent farmers were growing wheat as their main crop, 17.50 per cent farmers facing problems related to Unfavourable government policies and 75 per cent farmers suggested that rates should be more.

Open Access Original Research Article

Assessment of Sub Chronic Toxicity of Sonchus cornutus in Rats

Hayat Mahgoub Farah, Abdel Rahim Mohamed El Hussein, Hassan Elsubki Khalid, Halima Mohamed Osman

Advances in Research, Volume 19, Issue 5, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/air/2019/v19i530134

Aim: To assess the toxicity of the aqueous extract of Sonchus cornutus in Wistar albino rats.

Methodology: The aqueous extract of Sonchus cornutus aerial part was administered orally to rats in group 2, 3 and 4 at a dose of 50, 500 and 2000 mg/ kg, respectively for four weeks whereas, group 1 was kept as a control. The animals were observed daily for clinical signs and mortality. Weekly, the weights of the animals were recorded, and blood samples were collected for haematological and biochemical analysis. Specimens of Liver and kidney were kept in 10% formalin for histopathology.

Results: The results revealed that all the animals in the four groups survived. The extract had no adverse effects on haematology, biochemistry and histology of rats at doses of 50 and 500 mg/ kg. But dose 2000 mg/kg proved to have significant alteration in White blood cells (WBCs), Red blood cells (RBCs), Haemoglobin (Hb) and Packed cell volume (PCV). In addition, total protein, albumin, urea, creatinine, Alanin Transaminase (ALT), Asparate Transaminase (AST) were significantly (P<0.05) changed. These findings correlated with the histopathological changes on liver and kidney.

Conclusion: The highest dose of S. cornutus aqueous extract (2000 mg/kg) was not fatal, but may have some toxic effects on liver and kidney.

Open Access Original Research Article

Retracted: A Mechanistic Model for Predicting Accident Potential of Vehicles Transiting in Nigerian Roads

Ama Agwu, Nwogu Chukwunoso, Nwankwojike Bethrand

Advances in Research, Volume 19, Issue 5, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/air/2019/v19i530136

An accident prediction model was developed for determining the accident potential of a vehicle while on transit. The model identifies the various factors responsible for vehicle crashes. With the help of accident data obtained from the database of the Nigerian Federal Road Safety Corps (FRSC), the percentage contribution of each factor is calculated. These accident-cause factors were further grouped into three distinct classes: Human factors (HF), Mechanical factors (MF) and Environmental factors (EF). Analysis of the accident data showed that HF is the chief cause of most road accidents recorded, followed by MF and EF with probabilities of 0.846, 0.138 and 0.016 respectively. Also, driver age, travel distance and maintenance frequency of the vehicle were considered in the development of the model. The model gives an output ranging from 0-1. Values close to 0 mean low accident probability while values close to 1 signify high accident probability. Application and adherence to this model will significantly reduce the frequency of road accidents. Finally, transport companies and fleet operators are therefore encouraged to embrace and use this innovation for safer operations.

Retraction Notice: This paper has been retracted from the journal. This journal is determined to promote integrity in research publication. This retraction is in spirit of the same. After formal procedures editor(s) and publisher have retracted this paper on 19th October 2019. Related policy is available here: