Open Access Original Research Article

Performance of Sugar Beet Genotypes and Date of Sowing on Yield and Quality Parameters

Kumar D. Lamani, S. I. Halikatti

Advances in Research, Volume 18, Issue 2, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/AIR/2019/46696

Field experiment was undertaken during 2005-06 to 2006-07 to study the various agro-techniques for sugar beet cultivation for Northern Karnataka at Agricultural Research Station, Bailhongal, Belgaum district (Karnataka) under irrigated condition. The experiment consisted of 24 treatment combinations comprising of sugar beet dates of sowing and cultivars. Design of the experiment was split plot having date of sowing as main plot and genotypes as subplots. Among the 12 different dates of sowing, higher yield and yield attributes were observed in sowing at October I fortnight compared to the rest of the treatments and between the two sugar beet genotypes, Cauvery recorded significantly higher yield and yield attributes than Indus. Similar trend was followed for quality parameters also.

Open Access Original Research Article

Association between Microalbuminuria and Hypertension in Type 2 Diabetic Patients

Most. Zannatul Ferdous, M. A. Wahed, Zebunnesa Zeba

Advances in Research, Volume 18, Issue 2, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/air/2019/v18i230085

Aims: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between microalbuminuria and hypertension in type 2 diabetic patients.

Study Design: It was a descriptive type of cross-sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted in collaboration at a diabetic clinic and Hypertension and Research Centre, Rangpur, Bangladesh from January to March 2018.

Methodology: A total of 180 diabetic patients were selected purposively age ranges 30-75 years. Anthropometric as well as biochemical measurement was done. Data was collected by a semi-structured questionnaire through face to face interview and analyzed by SPSS-20.

Results: Study subjects were separated into two groups. Group 1, those with normoalbuminuria (n=49) and Group 2, those having microalbuminuria (n=131). The prevalence of microalbuminuria was 72.8%. Group 2 or microalbuminuric patients showed higher blood pressure values (113.50±8.90 mm of Hg) as compared to Group 1 (101.88±9.80 mm of Hg). The results were statistically significant (P≤0.05). Further this study showed fasting blood sugar, duration of diabetes, systolic blood pressure and high level of sCreatinine were independently associated with microalbuminuria in the study subjects. The results were also statistically significant (P≤0.05).

Conclusion: Our study revealed high prevalence of microalbuminuria in diabetic patients and has an optimistic association with blood pressure. This study suggests the need to screen for microalbuminuria early and the active management of modifiable risk factors in particular fasting blood sugar, sCreatinine, hypertension for intervention and prevention of further complications like end stage renal disease and cardiovascular diseases.

Open Access Original Research Article

Growth and Yield of Bt Cotton Influence by Land Configuration and Nutrient Levels Under Rainfed Situation

V. Ambika, G. S. Yadahalli, B. M. Chittapur, Shamrao Kulkarni, Vidhyavathi G. Yadahalli, Siddu Malakannavar

Advances in Research, Volume 18, Issue 2, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/air/2019/v18i230086

A field experiment was conducted at main agriculture research station, Raichur (Karnataka, India) during Kharif 2016 to enhance the yield of Bt cotton and improve the economy of farmers under the rainfed situation. The experiment was laid out in split plot design with three land configuration practices as main plots and four different combinations of an organic and inorganic source of nutrients as subplots replicated thrice. The results showed that, significantly higher seed cotton yield (2834 kg ha-1) were recorded with land configuration practice of Ridges and Furrow method in conjunction with application of 90:45:45 NPK kg ha-1 (50% N through organic) when compared to Broad Bed and Furrow method and Flat Bed methods and their respective combination with different source of nutrients. This trend was also reflected in dry matter accumulation in various plant parts (leaves, stem and reproductive organs). The combined effect of Ridges and Furrow method and application of 90:45:45 NPK kg ha-1 (50% N through organic) also resulted in recording higher gross (Rs.1,53,018 ha-1) and net returns (Rs.1,07,67 ha-1) when compared to other treatment combinations. Therefore it was concluded that, land configuration practice of Ridges and Furrow method in combination with the application of 90:45:45 NPK kg ha-1 (50% N through organic) was found to be the best option to realise higher seed cotton yield and more economical.

Open Access Original Research Article

Employers’ Perceptions about the Employability of Technical, Vocational Education and Training Graduates in Uganda

Denis Kintu, Kisilu. M. Kitainge, Ahmed Ferej

Advances in Research, Volume 18, Issue 2, Page 1-17
DOI: 10.9734/air/2019/v18i230087

Aims: The study aimed at determining employers’ perceptions about the employability of Technical, Vocational Education and Training (TVET) graduates in Uganda. Determining employability skills from the employer’s perspective is crucial to develop these skills among the students while at the training institutions.

Study Design: Survey.

Place and Duration of Study: Sample: Employers of TVET graduates in Uganda. Between February 2018 to August 2018.

Methodology: The study adopted and modified a SCANS (Secretary's Commission on Achieving Necessary Skills) questionnaire. Sample: The study involved 50 respondents selected from different employing organizations.

Results: The findings indicated that most employers agreed that the graduates possessed the basic skills (average mean=3.91), ICT skills (average mean=3.87), and interpersonal skills required for work (average mean=3.61). However, there were negative perceptions regarding their decision making (mean= 2.39), reasoning (mean=2.96), self-esteem (mean=2.92), sociability’ (mean=2.90), integrity/honesty (mean= 2.60), money (mean=2.57), materials and facilities management (mean=2.67); understanding systems (mean=2.79), monitoring and correcting performance (mean=2.40), and improving systems (mean=2.24). Further, that most employers don’t participate in curriculum design (50%).

Conclusion: TVET institutions should endeavor to improve on the negatively perceived aspects to instill the necessary employability skills among the graduates to make them readily employable.

Open Access Review Article

Carbon Rich Mangrove Forests: An Overview for Strategic Management and Climate Change Mitigation

Swati Shedage, P. K. Shrivastava, L. K. Behara

Advances in Research, Volume 18, Issue 2, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/air/2019/v18i230084

Carbon dioxide (CO2) once emitted to the atmosphere, takes centuries for natural removal. Every 4 giga tones of carbon (GtC) emitted to the atmosphere results in a rise of one ppm of CO2 in the atmosphere.  Mangroves growing near the coast play an important role in carbon sequestration by acting as sink for carbon, thereby receiving considerable international attention.  In India Mangroves occupy 4740 sqkm, about 3 % of the world’s mangrove cover. Sundarbans in India is the largest mangrove site in the world, colonized with many threatened animal species. The paper attempts to highlight the Carbon storage in Mangrove living biomass and sediments particularly of South Asian and Indian regions. Reviews suggest that C storage in mangroves at different climatic regions, sites, stands and different depths of soils store more carbon per unit area. All the reviews suggest that mangroves are a globally significant contributor to the carbon cycle.