Advances in Research https://journalair.com/index.php/AIR <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Advances in Research (ISSN: 2348-0394)</strong> aims to publish high-quality papers (<a href="/index.php/AIR/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of ‘research’. By not excluding papers on the basis of subject area, this journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct and scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer-reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> SCIENCEDOMAIN international en-US Advances in Research 2348-0394 Sugar Transport in a Merging Phloem Vessels: A Hydrodynamic Model https://journalair.com/index.php/AIR/article/view/30293 <p>Green plants are the major tappers of the energy from the sun. The collected solar energy in the form of light is used to activate the chemical reaction occurring in matured leaves between carbon dioxide and water, leading to the synthesis of sugar (chemical energy). Two main transport processes are involved in the transport of mineral salt water from the soil through the roots, via the trunk and branches to the leaves where photosynthetic activity occurs, and the translocation of sugar from the leaves to where they are needed and possibly, stored. The xylem vessels bear the absorbed mineral salt water while the phloem vessels bear the manufactured sugar. In this study, neglecting the effects of occlusion and clogging of the phloem channels, we investigate the transport of sugars in the merging phloem vessels using the hydrodynamic approach. The model is designed using the Boussinesq approximation and solved semi-analytically using the regular perturbation series expansion solutions and Mathematica 11.2 computational software. Expressions for the concentration, temperature, and velocity are obtained and presented quantitatively and graphically. The results show among others, that increase in the merging angle causes a reduction in the concentration, temperature, and velocity profiles. However, there exists fluctuations in the concentration and temperature structures.</p> W. I. A. Okuyade T. M. Abbey M. E. Abbey ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-04-16 2021-04-16 1 11 10.9734/air/2021/v22i230293 Design and Optimise a GARField MRI Resonator https://journalair.com/index.php/AIR/article/view/30294 <p>The design of a Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) sensor coil for a GARField NMR system was examined. The target design has a diameter about &nbsp;mm and length &nbsp;mm tuned to frequency of &nbsp;MHz at 50 Ω total impedance. Nine different sets of coils were built with different numbers of turns (3, 5, and 7) and different thickness of wire to vary the wire resistance. The report was to examine based on the design parameters the best resonant circuit for a GARField MRI system. The acquired tuning characteristics from these resonant circuits were interpreted using MATLAB scripts and Excel spreadsheet to compare each coil with already existing theory of resonators. This was achieved by matching each resonant circuit using a match and tuning capacitor to the required frequency (22-23.4 MHz) and to 50 Ω total impedance at resonance. It was found that there is no easy method to estimate the inductance of the coil of wire. The result for the experimental inductance was found to be 0.5 µF and resistance of 0.4 Ω for a medium coil of wire with 5 numbers of turns, diameter of 0.45 and length of 0.7 mm. The initial attempt to fit the experimental data to that of the theory failed due to the absence of stray capacitance in the theory. However, when stray capacitor with value ranging between &nbsp;pF was incorporated in parallel with the tank circuit, it was found that both the experiment and theory fit as expected.</p> <p>Three coils were tested in the NMR laboratory using a GARField spectrometer to examine the best coil that will be suitable for NMR experiment. Coils were compared on the basis of signal to noise ratio (SNR) and P90 pulse length. It was found that medium coil of wire with 3 number of turns has the biggest SNR of 177 which is good for NMR procedures. On the other hand, coil with 5 numbers of turns has the shortest P90 pulse length of 2.0 µs which is good for spatial resolution. At all rate, this research have shown how theories are verified through experiment.</p> A. Muhammad M. D. Oladipupo I. K. Suleiman O. L. Jane ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-04-29 2021-04-29 12 27 10.9734/air/2021/v22i230294