Advances in Research <p><strong>Advances in Research (ISSN: 2348-0394)</strong> aims to publish high-quality papers (<a href="/index.php/AIR/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of ‘research’. By not excluding papers based on novelty, this journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct and scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer-reviewed, open-access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> <p>This is an open-access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.</p> SCIENCEDOMAIN international en-US Advances in Research 2348-0394 Study on Olea europaea as an Adsorbent to Remove Heavy Metal from Wastewater <p>Liquid wastewater is essentially the water disposal of the community after the pure water has been used in a variety of applications. In recent years, heavy metal concentrations, besides other pollutants, have increased to reach dangerous levels for living environment in many regions. Among the heavy metals lead has the most damaging effects on human health. It can enter a human body through uptake of food (65%), water (20%) and air (15%).&nbsp; With this background certain low cost and easily available biosorbent like <em>Olea Europaea </em>was used and reported in this study. The scope of the present study is to remove Lead from its aqueous solution using <em>Olea Europaea Resin </em>as biosorbent. The Langmuir, Freundlich, Tempkin and Dubinin-Radushkevich (D-R) models were used to describe the biosorption equilibrium of Lead <em>Olea EuropaeaResin</em> biosorbent.The results showed that the biosorption capacity of <em>Olea Europaea Resin</em> biosorbent was more for Lead removal around 34.2 mg/g and the biosorption followed the Langmuir isotherm. The kinetic models showed that the pseudo-second order rate expression was found to represent well with the biosorption data for the biosorbent.</p> Rakesh Namdeti ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-01-02 2023-01-02 1 15 10.9734/air/2023/v24i1928 Biocoagulants as Ecofriendly Alternatives in the Dairy Wastewater Treatment <p>Coagulation is a simple and widely used method for water and wastewater treatment. Chemical coagulants, on the other hand, not only produce vast volumes of toxic sludge, but they also have negative impacts on living organisms. This study demonstrates the use of neem tree leaf and banana leaf powders as natural coagulants for the treatment of dairy effluent. The jar test was used to determine the pH, turbidity, and metal ion content of the treated samples. The biocoagulants were experimented at a rate of 100 mg/L, 200 mg/L, and 300 mg/L at pH of 5, 6, and 7. The levels of turbidity, sodium (Na), potassium (K), calcium (Ca), barium (Ba), lithium (Li), and copper (Cu) were measured after the treatment process. Turbidity was reduced by 52%, and coagulants at 200 mg/L and 300 mg/L were more successful at removing metal ions from dairy effluent except in copper, where 100 mg/L was shown to be more effective. In the scattering between adjacent, similarly charged particles, the zeta potential reveals the strength of repulsive powers. There are more dispersion and suspension rates in the treatment of dairy wastewater using banana and neem leaf biocoagulants. Neem tree leaf and banana leaf powders were efficient and cost-effective eco-friendly biocoagulants for the treatment of dairy effluent.</p> Rakesh Namdeti Arlene Joaquin Uma Reddy Meka Muna Amer Ali Azam Al Amri Amal Said Amir Mubarak Kashoub ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-01-05 2023-01-05 16 23 10.9734/air/2023/v24i1929 Impact of Drought on Sorghum Production and Its Adaptation Strategies in Baki District, Awdal Region, Somaliland <p>The main objective of the study was to determine the impact of the drought on sorghum production and its adaptation strategies to overcome the impacts. The sorghum farmers of the Baki and Ruqi villages under the Baki districts were the respondents of the study. the study was conducted from 16 February 2022 – 1 January 2023, from the population, the study selected 109 sample sizes to represent the population by using the Slovin formula with the maximum acceptable error of 5%. The sampling procedure was non-probability particularly purposive sampling. fifteen major drought impacts faced by sorghum farmers were identified in the study. A four-point rating scale was used to measure the extent of drought impact, and based on the scale score, the farmers were categorized. Moreover, Drought Impact Index (DII) was calculated to rank the selected impacts. the highest proportion of sorghum farmers (78 percent) faced high drought impacts on the production of sorghum. Among the 15 selected drought impact the highest drought impact index (DII) was found for ‘Crop failure’ which is (DII 327) and the lowest was “increase the unemployment” with a score of (DII 279). The most prioritized suggestion adaptation strategies regarding the solution of the drought impacts were “Drought-tolerant crop varieties” followed by “Use of short-duration crop varieties” “water harvest for irrigation use”, and “weather forecasts and early warnings system”.&nbsp; The study recommends the adaptation of drought-resistant crop varieties, short-duration crops, the establishment of weather forecasts and early warning systems, and water harvesting for irrigation use to adapt the climatic shocks.</p> Muhiyadin Abdilahi Ali Md. Rezaul Karim Mohamed Abdi Osman ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-01-17 2023-01-17 24 31 10.9734/air/2023/v24i1930