Assessment of the Readiness of Institutions and Undergraduates’ Attitude to Online Learning Mode in Nigerian Universities

Fasanmi Success Ayodeji *

Department of Educational Management, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Nigeria.

Adeyemi Adedolapo Taiwo

Department of Arts and Social Science Education, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Nigeria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


The emergence of the corona virus pandemic and the rate of the spread affected a lot of activities across the world. This led to the introduction of online learning mode in several countries after institutions were shut down. Unfortunately, most public universities in Nigeria could not switch to the online mode because they were not prepared for it as they do not have the technological capacity to support a full online learning mode. This study examines the readiness of University and attitude of undergraduates towards online learning mode in Obafemi Awolowo University (OAU), Ile Ife.  It investigated the skills and competencies of students for online learning as well as the University’s readiness towards online learning mode and effort was made to identify challenges of online teaching and learning in the study area and suggested solutions were advanced. OAU was selected because it is adjudged to be the leading Information and Communication Technology (ICT) driven institution in Nigeria. The study employed a descriptive survey research design. A total of 256 academic staff and 1503 undergraduates were selected across six faculties out of the thirteen faculties in the University. Questionnaires were used to elicit responses from the respondents. The result showed that students have the skills and competence to operate e-learning facilities but are faced by challenges such as high data cost, erratic power supply, lack of gadget among others. The study found out that the university was not prepared for online learning mode as it lacks basic technological facilities to support it. The study equally showed that while lecturers possess certain skills in using some e-learning applications, they were limited by the unavailability of online support gadgets, poor internet connectivity, and unstable power supply. Furthermore, the assessment of student attitude towards online learning mode shows that the students found the online learning mode very challenging as they had to bear the huge cost of data. Lecturers also faced same challenge as they had to pay a lot to buy data and the networks were sometimes unstable. The study recommended that adequate funding needs to be provided to public universities by the government while management of institutions must build technological capacities to support online learning mode in the hybrid form and on full basis in case of future emergencies.

Keywords: Universities, online learning, undergraduates, attitude

How to Cite

Ayodeji , Fasanmi Success, and Adeyemi Adedolapo Taiwo. 2023. “Assessment of the Readiness of Institutions and Undergraduates’ Attitude to Online Learning Mode in Nigerian Universities”. Advances in Research 24 (5):149-62.


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