Effect of Pressure, Concentration and Sludge Volume on Two-phase Filtrate Volumes Using Bentonite Clay Sludge

Victor E. Amah *

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria.

Joel, O. Ademiluyi

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Nigeria Nsukka, Nigeria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


The effect of pressure, solids concentration and volume of slurry on total and two-phase filtrate volumes was investigated to establish optimum conditions for routine laboratory filtration. Full factorial design with three levels was utilized to obtain 27 unique experiments. The slurry used was prepared by mixing crushed and sieved bentonite clay of 75 microns with distilled water at different concentrations as obtained from the design of experiment. A filter press was utilized and the results were used to calibrate a two-phase exponential equation for sludge filtration to extract the first and second stage filtrate volumes. The total filtrate volume improved with increasing applied pressure and decreasing solids concentration. A slurry volume of 0.22 litres was found to be ideal. Similar effects were noticed on the first and second stage filtrate volume except that an optimum was discovered at 0.18 litres of slurry. The second stage filtration produced an upward curve with a point of inflection at a range of 0.18 to 0.22 litres of slurry. The second stage filtrate volume is also discovered to be directly proportional to the total filtrate volume. This connection may be considered for use to assess the filterability of other slurries.

Keywords: Pressure, solids concentration, first stage, second stage, filterability

How to Cite

Amah , V. E., & Ademiluyi, J. O. (2023). Effect of Pressure, Concentration and Sludge Volume on Two-phase Filtrate Volumes Using Bentonite Clay Sludge. Advances in Research, 24(3), 47–55. https://doi.org/10.9734/air/2023/v24i3941


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