Casualization in Occupational Settings: An Investigative Study
Advances in Research,
Introduction: This research explored the Effects of Casualization on the Welfare of Workers using a de-identified multinational oil company in Nigeria as a representative case.
Objectives: The objectives of the study were to examine the effects of casualization of workers, associated irregularity of work, and deprivation of workers’ right.
Methodology: A close-ended questionnaire was used to collect primary data. Out of 150 copies of the questionnaire administered, 122 were dully filled, returned and analysed using descriptive statistics.
Results & Discussion: Three hypotheses were proposed and analysed using multiple regression of ordinary least square (OLS) statistical method and tested at 0.05 level of significance for the hypotheses. The result showed that there were significant negative effects of casualization of workers for a short-term contract work, irregularity of casualization of work, and deprivation of workers right to negotiate.
Conclusion: Hallmarks of casualization of labour include short term contract work; irregularity of work; and deprivation of workers’ right to negotiate adversely affects the welfare packages of workers. These practices have inherent occupational health implication on workers.
Recommendations: Casualization of labour as seen in this study is a despicable model that should be discontinued. However, if it must be practiced, the human resources, industrial relations, labour union and occupational health experts in such organizations should repackage such contracts to include allowances, job security, negotiation rights, dignity, benefits and welfare clauses as in permanent full time employment.
- oil and gas industry
- Kennedy A. Osakwe
How to Cite
International Labour Organization. Freedom of association and protection of the right to organize convention (No. 87). Working Paper No. 237. International labour office Geneva; 2004.
International Labour Organization. Equality at work: Tackling the challenges. report of the director- general, Geneva; 2007.
International Labour Organization. World of work report. Geneva. Institute for security studies, Nigeria Economy; 2008.
Basso P. Modern times, ancient hours: Working in the twenty-first century; London: Verso; 2003.
Alozie C. Recession: Temporary Employment the New Toast for Employers. Lagos Nigeria: Academic Press; 2009.
Fapohunda TM. Employment casualization and degradation of work in Nigeria; International Journal of business and social science. 2012;2(14):1-19.
Okafor EE. Globalization, Casualization and capitalist business ethics: A critical issue in Nigeria. Journal of the social sciences. 2007;15(2):169-179.
Owoseye A and Onwe C. Recession: temporary employment the toast for employer. 234 NEXT, Lagos; 2009.
National Union of petroleum and Natural Gas Workers (NUPENG). The evil menace of contract/casual labour, victimization of union officials and anti-union posture of nigerian employers, Lagos Nigerian Labour Congress, Statement legislating against Strikes and pickets is unconstitutional and unacceptable; 2003.
Ghosh AK. Jobs and incomes in globalizing world, International labour Office, Geneva NUPENG Publication; 2003.
Adenugba AA. Economic globalization and trade unionism in Nigeria: A case Study of the Nigerian Labour Congress (NLC). Unpublished PhD Thesis Submitted to the department of Sociology, University of Ibadan; 2006.
Anugwon EE. Globalization and Labour Utilization in Nigeria: Evidence from the Construct--ion Industry, Dakar: CODESRIA; 2007.
Aladekomo FO. Casual Labour in a Nigeria Urban Centre. Journal of Social Science. 2004;9:207-213.
Federal Republic of Nigeria. Labour Act; Cap 198 Laws of the Federation of Nigeria; 1979.
Uvieghara EE. Labour Law in Nigeria. Lagos: Malthouse Press Ltd; 2001.
Bodibe O. The extent and Effects of Casualization in Southern Africa: Analysis of Lesotho, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe: Research Report for the Danish Federation of Workers; 2007.
Okafor EE. Globalization and Work: The Nigerian Experience. Journal of Society, Development and Public Health. 2005;2: 21-47.
Okafor EE. Globalization, Casualisation and Capitalist Business Ethics: A Critical Overview of Situation in the Oil and Gas Sector in Nigeria. Journal of the Social Sciences. 2007;15(2):169-179.
Nwachukwu CC. Management; theory and Practice. Onitsha: African FEP Publishers Ltd; 1988.
Nwachukwu CC. Human Resource Management, Nigeria: David Stone Publishers. Ltd; 2000.
Abstract View: 281 times
PDF Download: 184 times