Main Article Content
The purpose of this research was to investigate the influence of socio-demographic data on nutritional knowledge, attitude and practices among people living with HIV (PLWHIV) in Enugu State of Nigeria. A standardized questionnaire was designed to collect information on the socio-demographic characteristics, nutritional knowledge, attitude and practice of PLWHIV who attended the HAART centre at the Ntasi Obi Ndi No N’afufu Specialist Centre. Results showed that the respondents scored 65.6% on nutritional knowledge, 13.7% on nutritional attitude, and 54.9% on nutritional practices. The Bivariate analysis showed significant positive correlations between nutritional knowledge and attitude; nutritional knowledge and practices; and nutritional attitude and practices. Monthly income was seen as a common predictor for nutritional knowledge, attitude and practice; hence local foods should be included in their food chart for affordability and accessibility.
Insel PM, Roth WT. Concepts in health. 9th ed. McGraw Hill Companies, New York; 2004.
Sue R. Williams. Essentials of nutrition and diet therapy, 6th ed. Mosby- Year Book Inc, St. Louis; 1984.
Christina AN, Jane H, Clara O. Nutritional knowledge, diet quality and nutritional status of PLHIV in Ghana. Food and Public Health. 2012;2(6):219-227.
HIV/AIDS in Nigeria, WIKIPEDIA (the free encyclopedia). Availabe:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HIV/AIDS_in_Nigeria
(Accessed 4 April 2016; Last modified on 10 Nov 2014)
World Health Organization, Nutrient Requirements for People Living With HIV/AIDS, Report of a Technical Consultation, WHO, Geneva; 2003.
Lawrence Haddad, Stuart Gillespie. Effective Food and Nutrition Policy Responses to HIV/AIDS: What We Know and What We Need to Know. Journal of International Development. 2001;13:487-511.
Marie VK, Kathrine LM. Food, Nutrition and Diet Therapy, 7th ed, W.B. Saunders & Co, Philadelphia; 1994.
Komwa MK, Jacobsen KH, Parker DC. HIV/AIDS-associated beliefs and practices relating to diet and work in southeastern Uganda. J Health Popul Nutr. 2010;28: 76–85.
Whaling MA, Luginaah I, Reid G, Hekmat S, Thind A, Mwanga J, John Changalucha. Perceptions about probiotic yogurt for health and nutrition in the context of HIV/AIDS in Mwanza, Tanzania. J Health Popul Nutr. 2012;30:31–40.
Sakhile KSM, Shu-Jan JL. Nutritional knowledge, attitude, and practices among pregnant and lactating women living with HIV in the Manzini Region of Swaziland. J Health Popul Nutr. 2014; 32(2):261-269.