Opportunities and Challenges for the Development of Sustainable Tourism Attraction at Batu Kapal Beach, Central Maluku Lilibooi Village

Main Article Content

Kadek Wiweka
Titus Indrajaya
Suci Sandi Wachyuni
Putu Pramania Adnyana
Anastasia Enike Hanorsian

Abstract

Ambon Island is famous for its natural resources, especially in the Central Maluku Regency such as Hunimua Beach in Liang Village and Natsepa Beach in Suli Village which is famous for its white sand along the coast. Unlike the two beaches, there is a beach in the western part of Ambon Island, precisely in the village of Lilibooi, namely Batu Kapal Beach or Batu Lobang. This beach has the potential to be developed as a tourist attraction. But besides its huge potential, this place still has several obstacles or challenges as a tourist destination. This research was conducted with the aim of identifying opportunities and challenges for developing the tourist attraction of Batu Kapal Beach. This study adopts a descriptive qualitative research method by observing tourism potential and supporting elements of tourism products at Batu Kapal Beach. In addition, the researchers also conducted interviews with the management of Batu Kapal Beach, the local community and the Lilibooi Village Chief regarding their views on the existence of Batu Kapal Beach attractions. Distribution of questionnaires to tourists was also carried out by involving 100 respondents who were randomly selected. The data collected is then processed and analyzed using the SWOT method. The results of this study are that based on calculations from the EFAS and IFAS Matrix, Batu Kapal Beach is in the quadrant point of 0.18 and 0.65 to be precisely in the quadrant I position, which is an aggressive strategy. Where the Batu Kapal Beach can utilize strengths and opportunities to progress, grow and develop in a better direction. Such as cooperating with the government and involving local communities to assist in the process of managing and developing Batu Kapal Beach.

Keywords:
Sustainable tourism attraction, development, Batu Kapal Beach

Article Details

How to Cite
Wiweka, K., Indrajaya, T., Wachyuni, S., Adnyana, P., & Hanorsian, A. (2019). Opportunities and Challenges for the Development of Sustainable Tourism Attraction at Batu Kapal Beach, Central Maluku Lilibooi Village. Advances in Research, 19(3), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.9734/air/2019/v19i330121
Section
Short Research Article

References

UNWTO. UNWTO Toursim Highlights 2016 Edition. Tersedia; 2016.
Available:www.eunwto.org/doi/pdf/10.18111/9789284418145

American Museum of Natural History. Symposium “tiger in the forest: Sustainable nature-based toursim in southeast Asia. [Online]. Tersedia; 2003.

Available:http://www.amnh.org/our-research/center-for-biodiversity-conservation/convening-and-connecting/events-and-symposia/previous-events-and-symposia/2003-tiger-in-the-forest

Kurniawati R. Modul pariwisata berkelanjutan. Tersedia pada; 2013.

Available:https://rinakurniawati. files. wordpress. com/2,

UNEP dan UNWTO. Making tourism more sustainable a guide for policy makers. Tersedia; 2005.

Available:www.unep.fr/shared/publications/pdf/DTIx0592xPA-TourismPolicyEN.pdf

Arcana KTP, Wiweka K. A study of indigenous tourism product development case study: The Baduy, South Banten, West Java Jurnal Ilmiah Hospitality Management. 2018;7(1):65-74.

Arcana K, Wiweka K. Educational tourism's product strategy at batur global Geopark, Kintamani-Bali. In Asia Tourism Forum 2016-the 12th Biennial Conference of Hospitality and Tourism Industry in Asia. Atlantis Press; 2016.

Ismayanti. Pengantar pariwisata. Jakarta: Gramedia Widisarana.

Happy M, Herman B. Pengantar Pariwisata. Bandung: Alfabeta; 2002.

Pendit NS. Ilmu pariwisata: Sebuah pengantar perdana. Pradnya Paramita; 1986.

Wiweka K. Analisis konsep tri hita karana pada daya tarik warisan budaya: Studi kasus puri agung karangasem, bali. Jurnal Master Pariwisata (JUMPA); 2014.

Wiweka K, Utami FN. Komersialisasi unsur budaya kedaton sultan dan masjid sultan di ternate, Maluku Utara. Jurnal Sains Terapan Pariwisata. 2017;2(1):29-43.

Yoeti OA. Perencanaan strategis pemasaran daerah tujuan wisata. Jakarta: Pradnya Paramita; 2002.

Yoeti OA. Perencanaan dan pengem-bangan pariwisata. Jakarta: Pradnya Paramita; 2008.

Arcana KTP, Wiweka K. The potential development of community based tourism at Ambengan Village, Buleleng Regency, Bali. Journal of Business on Hospitality and Tourism. 2015;1(1):11.

Arcana KTP, Wiweka K. The impact of managing sustainable event and the contribution to the formation of destination image at Nusa Dua Resort. Jurnal Ilmiah Hospitality Management. 2018;6(1):43-48.

Setiawan B, Wiweka K. A study of the tourism area life cycle in Dieng Kulon village. Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities. 2018;26(T Apr): 271-278.

Wiweka K, Yulianti Y, Trisdyani NL, Adnyana P. Analisis ruang komersial bagi pedagang kaki lima di kawasan hutan kota rawa dongkal, kelurahan cibubur, jakarta timur. Jurnal Sains Terapan Pariwisata. 2018;3(3):409-419.
Available:http://journal.polteksahid.ac.id/index.php/jstp/article/view/307

Setiawan B, Trisdyani NLP, Adnyana PP, Adnyana IN, Wiweka K, Wulandani HR. The profile and behaviour of ‘Digital Tourists’ when making decisions concerning travelling, case study: Generation Z in South Jakarta. Advances in Research, ISSN, 2348-0394; 2018.

Kementerian Pariwisata Republik Indonesia. Paparan Menteri Pariwisata Dalam Dialog Nasional Kebudayaan; 2016. Jakarta: Kementerian Pariwisata Republik Indonesia; 2016.

Wiweka K. Analisis Produk Wisata di Taman Bumi Perkemahan dan Graha Wisata Pramuka (Buperta) Cibubur Jakarta. Jurnal Ilmiah Hospitality Manage-ment. 2018;5(2):19-32.

Wiweka K, Arcana K. The impact of tourist accommodation development toward the socio-cultural aspects in the seminyak village, district of kuta, regency of badung, bali (in Perspective of the Local Community). In Asia Tourism Forum 2016-the 12th Biennial Conference of Hospitality and Tourism Industry in Asia. Atlantis Press; 2016.

Damanik J, Weber HF. Perencanaan ekowisata: Dari teori ke aplikasi. Yogyakarta: Puspar UGM dan Andi; 2006.

Fredman P, Tyrväinen L. Frontiers in nature‐based tourism. Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism. 2010; 10(3):177-189.

Cooper CDKK. Tourism PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICE. England: Person, Education Limited Edinburg Gate Harlow Essex CM20JE; 1995.

Pitana IG, Gayatri PG. Sosiologi Pariwisata: Kajian sosiologis terhadap struktur, sistem, dan dampak-dampak pariwisata. Andi; 2005.

Moleong LJ. Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif, Penerbit PT Remaja Rosdakarya. Offset, Bandung; 2007.

Moleong LJ. Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya Offset; 2012.

Sugiyono P. Metodologi penelitian kuantitatif kualitatif Dan R & D. Alpabeta, Bandung; 2011.

Sugiyono P. Metodologi penelitian kuantitatif kualitatif Dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta; 2014.

Sugiyono P. Metodologi penelitian kuantitatif kualitatif dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta; 2016.

Sujarweni VW. Metodologi penelitian: Lengkap, praktis, dan mudah dipahami. Yogyakarta: Pustakabarupress; 2014.

Syaodih Sukmadinata N. Metode penelitian pendidikan. Bandung: PT. Remaja Rosdakarya; 2006.

Suprayogo I, Tobroni. Metodologi penelitian sosial-agama. Remaja Rosdakarya; 2001.

Rangkuti F. Measuring customer satisfaction teknik mengukur strat. Meningk. Kep. Plg. Gramedia Pustaka Utama; 2018.

Rangkuti F. Teknik membedah kasus bisnis analisis SWOT. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama; 2014.