Empowering Farmers to Enhance Water Use Efficiency: Innovative Practices in SSPC

Miteshkumar M Vaghasiya *

Narmada Irrigation Research Project, SSNNL, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


The Sardar Sarovar project, featuring a gravity dam on the Narmada River in Gujarat, stands as one of the largest in terms of concrete volume globally. This study investigates the project's extensive canal network and its impact on agricultural productivity in the command area. Covering a vast expanse across multiple states, the project's irrigation allocation and water management strategies are examined. Special attention is given to addressing soil degradation issues, particularly salinity, and implementing farmer-centered interventions to enhance water use efficiency. Methodologies include land rejuvenation efforts, reclamation of salt-affected land, participatory irrigation management, and promoting improved agricultural practices. Results indicate successful mitigation of soil degradation and increased crop yields through strategic interventions like cotton-castor relay cropping which has demonstrated a 1.5-fold increase in income compared to sole cropping. Intercropping with isabgul/ajwain, and implementing deficit irrigation have resulted in a substantial 43% increase in overall yield, particularly in cumin cultivation. Farmers have also embraced innovative water-saving techniques, such as alternative furrow irrigation and strategic timing of irrigation during critical growth stages, resulting in water savings of 30-35%. However, challenges remain in achieving widespread adoption of participatory irrigation management practices. The study concludes with insights into the necessity of sustained social engineering efforts and community engagement for long-term water resource management and agricultural sustainability in the project area.

Keywords: Deficit irrigation, participatory irrigation management, social engineering efforts, soil degradation, water use efficiency

How to Cite

Vaghasiya, M. M. (2024). Empowering Farmers to Enhance Water Use Efficiency: Innovative Practices in SSPC. Advances in Research, 25(4), 7–12. https://doi.org/10.9734/air/2024/v25i41075


Download data is not yet available.


Balgabaev NN. Effective water resources management in Kazakhstan. Almaty, Kazakhstan; 2022.

Britannica. The Editors of Encyclopedia. "Land reclamation". Encyclopedia Britannica, Invalid Date; 2024. Available:https://www.britannica.com/science/land-reclamation.

Chattopadhyay S, Indranil De, Mishra P, Parey A, Dutta S. Participatory water institutions and sustainable irrigation management: evidence and lessons from West Bengal, India. Water Policy. 2022; 24(4):667–684.

Sachan B, Kandpal SD, Singh AK, Kaushik A, Jauhari S, Ansari A. Agricultural pesticide use and misuse: A study to assess the cognizance and practices among North Indian farmers. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care. 2022; 11(10):6310–6314.

Patel SM, Amin AU. Feasibility of ajwain as intercrop in cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) International Journal of Seed Spices. 2017, July;7(2):77-81.

Kumar M, Sahoo PK, Kushwaha DK, Gudi S, Singh G et al. Tackling the constraints of cumin cultivation and management practices. Annals of Agricultural & Crop Sciences. 2023;8(3):1134.

Shirahatti MS, Itnal CJ, Mallikarjunapp DS. Impact of differential methods of irrigation on yield levels of cotton in red soils. Karnataka J. Agric. Sci. 2007;20:96-98.

Choudhary KK, Dahiya R, Phogat VK. Effect of drip and furrow irrigation methods on yield and water use efficiency in cotton. Research in Crop. 2016;17(4):823-828.

Abd-Elhamid HF, Said AM, Abdelaal GM, Abd-Elaty I. Impact of polluted open-drain geometry on groundwater contaminant in unconfined aquifers. Arab. J. Geosci. 2021;14:1–12. DOI:10.1007/s12517-021-06491-y

Bouman B. A conceptual framework for the improvement of crop water productivity at different spatial scales. Agricultural Systems. 2002;93:43–60.

Coolman RM, Hoyt GD. The effects of reduced tillage on the soil environment. Hort Technology. 1993;3(2):143-145.

Fischer G, van Velthuizen H, Hizsnyik E, Wiberg D. Potentially obtainable yields in the semiarid tropics. international crops research institute for the semi-arid tropics, Andhra Pradesh, India. Global Theme on Agro-ecosystems Report No. 54; 2009.

Patel AS, Kacha RP, Maheriya VD, Patel RM. Cotton-castor relay cropping in sandy loam soil of Middle Gujarat conditions, Anand Agricultural University; 2016.