Assessing the Nutrient Intake, Energy Expenditure and Physical Activity Level of Obese and Non-obese Women in Hisar District, India: A Cross Sectional Study

Veenu Sangwan *

Department of Foods and Nutrition, CCS HAU, Hisar, India.

Varsha Rani

DES, KVK, Faridabad, CCS HAU, Hisar, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The present study was conducted on thirty obese and thirty non-obese women (30-45 years) of Hisar district, Haryana to assess their mean nutrient intake, adequacy of intake of different nutrients, energy expenditure and physical activity level. The subjects did not exhibit any health complications and, overall, were in a state of good health. It was found that the mean intake of energy, protein, fat, folic acid and magnesium by respondents was comparable to Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) i.e 98 to 129 per cent of RDA.  But when assessed on parameter of adequacy it was found that only 50 to 53.3 percent of respondents consumed adequate protein. Intake of most of the nutrients (iron, β-carotene, folic acid) under study, by them, was marginally adequate to inadequate when compared to the recommended values (with few exceptions). Calcium intake of 50 per cent of non-obese women was adequate while iron intake of 66.7 per cent of them was 50 to 74.9 per cent of RDA. All the obese and non-obese women were sedentary workers and consumed more energy than their requirement. This low intake in their nutrient intake may be due to inadequate intake of protective foods and it was felt that they need awareness regarding balanced diet and endorse adoption of a healthy life style by including minimum of 30 minutes of physical activity in their daily routines.

Keywords: Adequate, inadequate, nutrient intake, obese, recommended intake, protein, fast food, food choices


How to Cite

Sangwan, V., & Rani, V. (2024). Assessing the Nutrient Intake, Energy Expenditure and Physical Activity Level of Obese and Non-obese Women in Hisar District, India: A Cross Sectional Study. Advances in Research, 25(4), 1–6. https://doi.org/10.9734/air/2024/v25i41074

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Kuster I, Vila N. Healthy lifestyle and eating perceptions: correlations with weight and low-fat and low-sugar food consumption in adolescence. J Frontiers Life Sci. 2017;10(1). Available:https://doi.org/10.1080/21553769.2017.1329170

Loong C, Tay ME, Loke WM. Assessment of dietary, physical activity and sedentary behaviours of Singapore schooling youths. Curr Res Nutr Food Sci. 2020;8(3). DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12944/CRNFSJ.8.3.05

Drewnowski A. Nutrient density: Addressing the challenge of obesity. British J Nutr. 2018;120(S1):S8–S14. DOI:10.1017/S0007114517002240

Cash SW, Beresford SAA, Henderson JA, McTiernan A, Xiao L, Wang CY et al. Dietary and physical activity behaviours related to obesity-specific quality of life and work productivity: baseline results from a worksite trial. British J Nutr. 2012;108: 1134–1142. DOI: 10.1017/S0007114511006258

Astrup A, Bugel S. Overfed but undernourished: recognizing nutritional inadequacies/ deficiencies in patients with overweight or obesity. Int J Obs. 2019; 43(2):219–232. DOI: 10.1038/s41366-018-0143-9

Lim JU, Lee JH, Kim JS, Hwang YI, Kim TH, Lim SY et al. Comparison of World Health Organization and Asia-Pacific body mass index classifications in COPD patients. Internl J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis. 2017;12:2465–2475.

Sangwan V, Rani V, Punia D. Food consumption pattern and dietary intake of obese vs non-obese women. J Pharma Phytochem. 2020;9(4S):550-554.

Longvah T, Ananthan R, Bhaskarachary K, Venkaiah K. Indian food composition tables. (T. Longvah, Ed.). National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad; 2017.

ICMR. Nutrient requirement and recommended dietary allowances for Indians. A report of the Expert group of the council of Medical Research NIN, Hyderabad; 2010.

Mirhosseini NZ, Shahar S, Yusoff NM, Ghayour-Mobarhan MM, Derakhshan AR, Shakery MT. Lower level of physical activity predisposes Iranian adolescent girls to obesity and its metabolic consequences. Pakistan J Nutri. 2011; 10(8):728-734.

Bresciani P, Andrade-Silva GS, Cipullo MAT, Clemente CJ, Caranti DA. The excessive caloric intake and micronutrient deficiencies related to obesity after a long-term interdisciplinary therapy. Nutri. 2017; 38(6):113-119.

Hassan NE, El-Masry SA, Farid T, Khalil A. Influence of parental and some demographic characteristics on overweight/obesity status among a sample of Egyptian children. Macedonian J Med Sci. 2016;4(3):342–347. DOI: 10.3889/oamjms.2016.088

Carneiro IP, Elliott SA, Siervo M, Padwal R, Bertoli S, Battezzati A et al. Is Obesity associated with altered energy expenditure? Adv Nutr. 2016;7:476–87. DOI: 10.3945/an.115.008755

Althumiri NA, Bindhim NF, Aldabaeab AE, AlMousa N, Aljabbary R, Alumran A. Comparative analysis of lifestyle behaviors and dietary intake among obese and non-obese individuals following bariatric surgery: A secondary data analysis from 2020 to 2022. Front Nutr. 2023 Oct 30;10:1273164. DOI: 10.3389/fnut.2023.1273164. PMID: 37964934; PMCID: PMC10642296.