Advances in Research 2020-06-06T12:49:45+00:00 Advances in Research Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Advances in Research (ISSN: 2348-0394)</strong> aims to publish high-quality papers (<a href="/index.php/AIR/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of ‘research’. By not excluding papers on the basis of subject area, this journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct and scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer-reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> Abiotic Stress and Red Clover: A Less Explored Area of Research 2020-06-06T12:49:45+00:00 Afsha Parween Vikas Singh Monika Bajpai <p>Red clover (<em>Trifolium pratense</em> L.) is one of the main forage species from temperate regions and its centre of origin is located in southern Europe and southern Eurasia. Although red clover is Mediterranean in origin, it is a widely adapted species grown in many climatic conditions around the world. It is a perennial, medicinal herb from legume family and it grows best in calcium, phosphorus and potassium rich soils. This medicinal plant is in symbiotic association with bacteria present in its root nodules, thus the plant is capable of fixing the atmospheric nitrogen into the soil thereby increasing the quality of the soil. Red clover is typically used to treat a number of respiratory ailments such as&nbsp;asthma, bronchitis, and&nbsp;bronchitis, skin disorders such as&nbsp;eczema&nbsp;and&nbsp;psoriasis, inflammatory conditions like arthritis, and to treat women's health problems especially in giving relief from menopausal symptoms. However, the response of Red Clover under abiotic stress conditions is a less explored area of research. The present review highlights the existing potential of Red clover in fighting abiotic stress conditions and also explains the need of developing resistant varieties of this plant to meet the future challenges.</p> 2020-05-29T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Quantitative and Qualitative Appraisals of Aquifer Properties in Kachia Area of Kaduna State, Nigeria 2020-06-05T09:55:25+00:00 I. O. Olaniyan A. O. Adegoke A. I. Aladeboyeje O. E. Adewoye <p>Kachia Local Government Area (LGA) is located at the southern part of Kaduna State, Nigeria. Quantitative and qualitative appraisals were carried out in order to have proper understanding of the aquifer system and ensure sustainable development by using geophysical, geological and pumping test data obtained from 32 producing boreholes across the entire LGA. Hydraulic conductivity, transmissivity and storativity values were computed, piezometric surface map and the basement relief map were prepared, geoelectric layer characteristics were delineated and two geological profile sections were constructed. The hydraulic conductivity values were found to range from 0.021 m/day at Walijo to 1.391 m/day at Iddah-Hanya with an average of 0.42 m/day. The transmissivity values ranged between 0.90 m<sup>²</sup>/day at Walijo to 25.37m<sup>²</sup>/day at Iddah-Hanya, with average value of 6.31 m<sup>²</sup>/day. Storativity values were lowest at Walijo with a value of 89.42 and highest at Iddah-Hanya having a value of 2877 with an average of 929.82. The lowest values of these three aquifer constants were observed to converge at Walijo at the extreme eastern part and they all peaked at Iddah Hanya on the western border of the study area. The piezometric surface contour map showed that static water level is generally deeper around the central part of the study area than at the southern and western parts. The basement relief map revealed that the depth to Basement rock is generally deeper at the central part than at the eastern, western and southern boundaries of the study area. Three-layer geoelectric horizons delineated agreed with the drilled sections. The two profile sections 1 and 2 suggested that the weathered layer constituted the major aquiferous unit, and it occurred within a depth of 1 m to as much as 35 m, except Kurmin-Sara with 80 m thickness. Groundwater prospecting can therefore be targeted to an approximately uniform regolith thickness across the entire study area.</p> 2020-06-05T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##