Main Article Content
Self-efficacy and social support according to various researches have shown to be important factors in the initiation, recognition and enactment of behavioural changes. This study examines the influence of self-efficacy and social support on the intention to quit drug use among clients in some mental health settings and students in a university setting. The sampled participants in this study include 25 students of Ekiti State University, Nigeria and 60 patients drawn from different mental health settings. General self-efficacy scale was used to measure self-efficacy while multi-dimensional social support scale was used to measure social support. Intention to quit drug use was measured using the Stages of Change Readiness and Treatment Eagerness Scale (SOCRATES). The result shows that there is a significant difference between drug abusers in a mental health setting and drug abusers in a university setting on all the three dimensions of intention to quit drug use; the patients having a higher score on the three. The three dimensions of social support do not have a significant influence on intention to quit drugs while Self-efficacy has a major influence on the intention to quit drug use (Beta = .244, P<.05). From the research findings, individual characteristics like self-efficacy play a major role in therapy and on patients’ intention to quit drugs than social support but this does not negate the importance of social support in therapy. So, therapists should endeavour to assess and develop an individual's attitude to prevent relapse after treatment. More so, psycho-education is pivotal in drug use cessation when compared with the population that was not exposed to psycho-education. So, awareness about the dangers of drug abuse should not only be done in mental health settings; but also in schools and our society at large.
Baumeister D, Tojo LM, Tracy DK. Legal highs: Staying on top of the flood of novel psychoactive substances. Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology. 2015;5 (2):97-132.
William ET Jr, Jennifer AJ, William GD. Drugs and delinquency and justice 284-315. Scott, Foresman and company. USA; 1982.
UNODC. Leader’s guide: Drug addiction and basic counselling skills. Treatnet Training Volume B, Module 1; 2008.
Marlatt GA, Baer JS, Quigley LA. Self-efficacy and addictive behaviour. In A Bandura (Ed), self-efficacy in changing societies. New York: Cambridge University Press. 1985;289-315.
Gallant MP. Social networks, social support and health-related behaviour. The Oxford Handbook of Health Communication, Behaviour Change, and Treatment Adherence; 2013.
Bjamason T. The influence of social support, suggestion and depression on suicidal behaviour among Iceland youth. Acta Sociologica. 1994;37(2):195-206.
Hupcey JE. Classifying the social theory research linkage. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 2002;27(6):1231.
Christine S, Petra B. Social support. In Charles, S. (ed). Encyclopedia of Applied Psychology. Elsevier Academic Press. 2004;435-438.
Judge TA, Erez A, Bono JE, Thoresen, Carl J. Are measures of self-esteem, neuroticism, locus of control and generalized self-efficacy indicators of a core construct? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2002;83(3):693-710.
Brouwer-Goossensen D, van Genugten L, Lingsma HF, Dippel DW, Koudstaal PJ, den Hertog HM. Self-efficacy for health-related behaviour change in patients with TIA or minor ischemic stroke. Psychology & Health. 2018;33(12):1490-1501.
Prochaska J, Velicer W. The transtheoretical model of health behaviour change. American Journal of Health Promotion. 1997;12(1):38-48.
Stephens RS, Wertz JS, Roffman, Roger R. Self-efficacy and marijuana cessation: A construct validity analysis. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 1995; 63(6):1022-1031.
Catz SL, Kelly JA, Bogart LM, Benotsch EG, McAuliffe TL. Patterns of correlates and barriers to medication adherence among persons prescribed new treatments for HIV disease. Journal of Health Psychology. 2000;19(2):124-133.
Molassiotis A, Nahas–Lopez V, Chung WYR, Lam SWC, Li CKP, et al. Factors associated with adherence to antiretroviral medication in HIV-infected patients. International Journal of STD and AIDS. 2002;13(5):301-310.
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). Drug facts: Nationwide trends; 2014.
Oladele JO. Guidance and counselling: A functional approach. Lagos, John Lad Enterprises; 1989.
Okorodudu, Okorodudu. An overview of the conduct problems of the Nigerian child. Journal of the Nigerian Society for Educational Psychologist. (NICEP). 2004; 76-83.
Enakpoya E. Prevalence of drug abuse among Nigerian adolescents: Implication for counselling. The Counsellor. 2009; 26(2).
Majer JM. Optimism, abstinence self-efficacy and self-mastery: A comparative analysis of cognitive resources; 2001.
Zimet GD, Dalem NW, Zimet SG, Farley GK. The multidimensional scale of perceived social support. Journal of Personality Assessment. 1988;52:30-41.
Schwarzer R, Jerusalem M. Generalised self-efficacy scale in J Weinman, S Wright, M Johnston. Measures in health psychology: A user’s portfolio causal and control beliefs. Windson UK:NFER-NELSON. 1995;35-37.
Miller WR, Tonigan JS. Assessing drinker’s motivation for change. The stages of change readiness and treatment eagerness scale (SOCRATES 8). Psychology of Addicted Behaviours. 1996; 10:81-89.
Lee D, Young SJ. Investigating the effects of behavioural change, social support and self-efficacy in physical activity in a collective culture: Application of stages of motivational readiness for change in Korean young adults. Preventive Medicine Reports. 2018;10:204-209.
Julilian F, Motlagh FZ, Amoei MR, Hatamzadeh N, Gharibnavaz H, et al. Which one support (Family, friend or other significant) is much more important to drug cessation? A study among men Kermanshah addicts, the West of Iran. Journal of addicts Res Ther. 214;5:174.
Bobo JK. Efforts to quit smoking among persons with a history of alcohol problems – Iowa, Kansas and Nebraska. Mobility and Morality Weekly; 1997.
Bobo JK, Mcllvain HE, Lando HA, Wlaker RD, Leed-Kelly A. Effect of smoking cessation counselling on recovery from alcoholism: Findings from a randomized community intervention trial. Addiction. 1998;93(6):877-887.
Wechsler H, Kuo M. College students define binge drinking and estimate its prevalence: results from a national study. Journal of American College Health. 2000;49:57-64.
NIAAA. Alcohol and other Drugs; 2015.
Available:http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/AA76/AA76.htm on 12/112015
Mogotsi1 M, Nel K, Basson W, Tebele C. Alcohol Use by Students at an Emerging University in South Africa. J Sociology Soc Anth. 2014;5(2):187-195.
Anumonye A. Drug use among young people in Lagos, Nigeria. Bulletin on Narcotics (United Nations Publication). 1980;32(4):39–45.