Effect of Faulty Design on Construction and Maintenance of Buildings in Asaba, Delta State, Nigeria

Main Article Content

J. C. Ikedionu
K. C. Okolie
F. O. Ezeokoli

Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate how faulty design affects construction and maintenance of building projects in Asaba, Delta state with a view to establishing their level of occurrence and providing ways of mitigating them.

Study Design: It was a survey research, the study was effected via literature review and a well-structured questionnaire. Likewise, interviews were carried out to substantiate the findings of the questionnaire survey.

Place and Duration of the Study: The study was conducted in Asaba, Delta State, Nigeria for a period of 2 years.

Methodology: Being a survey research, 80 questionnaires were administered to the respondents and only 67 were returned which represents 84% response rate. The data collected was presented and analysed using tables, frequency, mean score and relative importance index. The analysis was aided by a computer-based software, named Statistical Package of Social Sciences (SPSS) version 22.

Results: The study found out that; inadequate structural design, lack of details, lack of inspection, inaccurate measurement, not complying with specification, use of expired materials, wrong use of equipment, inadequate performance of equipment, unclear specification were rated as the most severe defects in each of the groups. Also, the findings showed that defects found in the study are categorized as design deficiencies, material deficiencies, construction deficiencies and subsurface deficiencies.

Conclusion: The study concluded recommending that the designers must take into account maintenance issues during design and construction stages. Also, proper sensitization of building contractors with respect to durable materials which are suitable to the immediate environmental condition should be purse as well as the construction techniques and competence of workforce. Likewise, strict quality assurance and quality control (QA/QC) program should be encouraged during project design and construction.

Keywords:
Design, construction, building, building defect, Asaba.

Article Details

How to Cite
C. Ikedionu, J., C. Okolie, K., & O. Ezeokoli, F. (2020). Effect of Faulty Design on Construction and Maintenance of Buildings in Asaba, Delta State, Nigeria. Advances in Research, 20(6), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.9734/air/2019/v20i630173
Section
Case study

References

Maisarah A, Mastura J. An assessment of faulty Hospital Design in Malaysia. Journal Design + Built. 2012;5:1985-6881.

Waithanji WM. Maintenance management and conditions of tenant purchase schemes in Kenya; a case study of Kibera high-rise estate Nairobi. unpublished project work, University of Nairobi; 1995.

Ibrahim AD. Effect of changes in layout shape on unit construction cost of residential buildings. Samaru Journal of Information Studies; 2007.

Hoe A. The effects of faulty design and construction on building maintenance (case study: Kolej Perdana) (Doctoral dissertation, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Faculty of Civil Engineering); 2009.

Eizzatul A, Hishamuddinmohdali R, Suwaibutul IAS. A review of the effect of Building Design on maintenance management. 3rd edition international conference on Business and economic research (3rd ICBER) proceeding; 2012. ISSN: 9789675705052.

Rozita A. Maintenance factors in building design University of Technology Malaysia; 2006.

Norhanniza S. Cost efficiency of thermal insulation for residential building. Term paper Spring Semester; 2010.

Abdulmohsen TE, Al-hammed A, Sadi TH. The effects of faulty design on building maintenance. Journal of Quality Manage-ment. 1997;3:29-39.

Adejimi A. Poor building maintenance: Are architects free from blames? Paper Presented at the ENHR. International Conference on Housing: New Challenges and Innovations in Tomorrow’s Cities, Iceland; 2005.

Chohan AH. Development of user sensitivity index for design faults in low rise urban housing, a study of developing metropolitan city. American Journal of Scientific Research. 2010;12(1):113-124.

Colen PJ, Lambrecht MR. Cross-training policies in field services. International Journal of Production Economics. 2013; 138(1):76-88.

Ojo AS. Defect liability period: Employer’s right and contractor’s liabilities examined. In: Proceedings of COBRA 2010 - W113 Papers on Law and Dispute Resolution, 2-3 September, Paris France. 2010;467- 481.

Al-Farra MZ. Improving The Tender Document Conditions To Minimize The Building Maintenance In Gaza Strip (Doctoral dissertation, Islamic University of Gaza); 2011.

Manning J. Building defects spoil homeowners’ dreams. The Oregonian; 2005.
Available:

Othman AAE, Hassan TM, Pasquire CL. Drivers for dynamic brief development in construction. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management. 2004;4: 248-258.

Odama OT. Building maintenance in public building (Unpublished MSc thesis) Department of Architecture, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria; 1999.

Assaf E, Al-hammed A, Al-shiha M. The Effect of faulty construction on building maintenance Building Research and information. 1996;23(3):135181;18.

Ishak, NH, Chohan H, Iyaga AM, Ramly A. Implications of design deficiency on building maintenance at post-occupational stage.‖ Journal of Building Appraisal. 2007;3(2):115-124.

Al-shiha M. The effects of faulty design and construction on maintenance. Saudi Arabic dissertation; 2003.

Gibson EJ. Development in Building Maintenance-1. Applied Science Publisher Ltd, London; 1979.

Cook G, Hinks AJ. Appraising Building Defects, Longman Scientific Technical, London, UK; 2003.

Chew MYL. Defect analysis in wet areas of buildings. Construction and Building Materials. 2005;19(3):165–173. | Article | ISI |.

Olubodun F. A factor approach to the analysis of components' defects in housing stock. Structural Survey. 2000; 18(1):46–58.

FindLaw. Types of construction defects; 2011. [online]

Seeley IH. Building, Maintenance (3d Edition) Macmillan Press, Great Britain. 1976;126–129.

Grosskopf KR, Lucas DE. Identifying the Causes of Moisture-Related Defect; Litigation in U.S. Building Construction, The construction and building research conference of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors; 2008.

Zietsman R. Defects in the South African construction industry now and then. In: Proceedings of the Construction Industry Development Board (CIDB) 5th Post- graduate Conference on Construction Industry Development, 16-18 March, Bloemfontein, South Africa. 2008; 108-114.

Building Research Establishment Digests. Design and Site Procedures–Defects and Repairs, HMSO. 1983;4.

Okuntade TF. Effects of faulty construction on building maintenance. International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research. 2014a; 2(3):73-79.

Che Mat M, Hassan PH, Isnim Z, Mohidisa H, Sapeciay Z. Learning from defects in design and build hospital projects in Malaysia. In: International Proceedings of Economics Development & Research. 2011;5(1):238-242.