Response of Maize (Zea mays) on Crude Oil Polluted Soil after One Month of Remediation with Spent Mushroom Substrate

Main Article Content

J. A. Chukwumati
G. C. Ibanibo
O. M. Adedokun

Abstract

The study was conducted to evaluate the influence of different levels of crude oil pollution remediated with spent mushroom substrate (SMS) on the growth of maize after one month of pollution. Composite soil samples randomly collected were polluted with Bonny light crude oil (v/w) at a concentration of 0%, 2%, 4% and 6% in a perforated plastic pots with 6 kg of top soil (0-20) cm.  Ten percent of decomposed SMS was applied on each of the pots. A month after remediation, four seeds of Oba Super 11 maize variety were sown into each pot and later thinned to two after germination. The design was Complete Randomized Design consisting of six treatments and four replicates. After eight weeks of the study, results revealed a reduction in plant germination rate (60%) in polluted (SCM) against (87%) in non-polluted (SM) soil. Plant germination was highest (93.8%) on natural soil (SSM) amended with SMS. Amendment of the polluted soil with SMS improved the germination of the plant from 60% to 75%. There was a significant (P<0.01) decrease in plant height on polluted against natural soils. Amendment of the polluted soil with SMS slightly increased the height of the plant though not significant within the first six weeks of the study, however, a significant (P<0.01) increase was observed on the seventh and eighth weeks of the study. Pollution of the soil with crude oil revealed significant (P<0.01) reduction on some soil physico-chemical properties (available phosphorus, exchangeable cations (Ca, Mg and K), while a significant (P<0.01) increase was observed on total hydrocarbon content, total nitrogen, total organic carbon and total organic matter on the polluted over natural soil. Amendment of the polluted soil with SMS improved the nutrient status of the soil as there was significant (P<0.01) increase in the concentration of Ca, Mg, K, P and a reduction in the content of THC, TOC of the soil. Remediation of crude oil polluted soil, with spent mushroom substrate a month after pollution, improved soil fertility.

Keywords:
Crude oil, pollution, concentration, amendment, spent mushroom substrate, Oba super 11 maize.

Article Details

How to Cite
Chukwumati, J. A., Ibanibo, G. C., & Adedokun, O. M. (2020). Response of Maize (Zea mays) on Crude Oil Polluted Soil after One Month of Remediation with Spent Mushroom Substrate. Advances in Research, 20(4), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.9734/air/2019/v20i430166
Section
Original Research Article

References

Abii TA, Nwosu PC. Effect of oil spillage on the soil of Eleme in Rivers State of Niger Delta Area of Nigeria. Journal of European Science. 2009;3(3):316-320

Benka-Cooker MO, Ekundayo JA. Effects of oil spill in soil physiochemical properties of a spill site in Niger Delta, Nigeria. Environmental Monitoring Assessment. 1997;36:93-106.

Isirimah NO, Chindah A, Braide S. Environmental protection: Problems, progress, practice, principles and prospects. Case for Niger Delta. Paper presented to Environmental Society of Nigeria at Rivers State University of Science and Technology Port Harcourt; 2006.

Zienko J. Oil substances in Natural Environment. Eko/Technology. 1996;4(1): 18.

Mike J, David B. Plant nutrition and fresh mushroom compost. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ; 2013.

Bitzer CC, Sims. Estimating the availability of nitrogen in broiler litter manure through laboratory and field studies. Journal of Environment; 1988

Ahlawat OP, Gupta P, Kumar S. Spent mushroom substrate. A tool for Bioremediation in mushroom Science Boitechnology (Raj RD, Singh SK, Yadov MC and Teari RP, eds). Mushroom Soceity of India, NRCM, Solan (HP). India. 2007; 341-366.

Adedokun OM, Ataga AE. Degradation of crude oil, automative gasoline oil and spent engine oil in amended polluted soil. Journal of Nigerian Environmental society (JNES). 2007;4(1):55-61.

Walkley A, Black IA. Examination of the degtjareff: Method for determining soil organic matter and the proposed modification of the chromic add titration method. Soil Science. 1934;37:29-38.

Nelson DW, Somner LE. Total carbon, organic matter. In: A. L. methods of soil analysis part 2. 2nd (ed). Chemical and michrobiological properties. Agron. Monogr. ASA-SSSA. Madison W. I. 1982;9.

Bremmer JM. Total Nitrogen. In: Sparks DL (ed). Methods of soil analysis part 3, chemical methods, SSSA Book Series 5, Soil Science Society of America, Madison Wisconsin. 1996; 1085-1122

Bray RH, Kurtz LT. Deter mination of total organic and available forms of phosphorus in soils. Soil Science. 1945;59:225-229.

Murphy LS, Riley JP. A modified single solution method for the determination of phosphate in natural water. Analytical Chemical Acta. 1962;27:31-36.

Thomas GW. Exchangeable cations In: A. L. Page (ed). Methods of soil analysis part 2. Chemical and michrobiological properties, 2nd (ed). Agronomy 9. 1982;159-165.

Odu CTI, Nwobishi LC, Esuruoso OF, Ogunwale JA. Environmental study of Nigerian Agip oil company operational areas. In Petroleum Industry of the Nigerian Environmental Proceedings. FMW and H and NNPC Conferences. 1985;274-283.

Gill LS, Nyawuame HGK, Ehikhametalor AO. Effect of crude oil on the growth and anatomical features of Chromolaena odorata (L). Chromolaena odorata. Newsletter. 1992;6:1-16.

Oyedeji AA, Adebiyi AO, Omotoyinbo MA, Ogunkule CO. Effect of crude oil contaminated soil soil on germination and growth performance of Abelmoschus esculentus. L. Moench. A widely cultivated vegetable crop in Nigeria. American Journal of Plant Science. 2012;3(10).

Adedokun OM, Chukwumati JA, Soroghaye J. Performance of maize (Zea mays L) in crude oil polluted soil remediated with spent mushroom substrate. The Nigerian Agricultural Journal. 2016;47(2):30-38.

Mike F, David B. Plant nutrition and fresh mushroom compost, Practice Hall Upper Saddle River NJ; 2013.

Dariush MT, Malek HS, Gholamreza SF. Effect of light crude oil contaminated soil on growth and germination of Festuca arundinacea. Journal of Applied Science. 2007;7(18):2623-2628.

Ekundayo EO, Emedo TO, Osayande DC. Effect of crude oil spillage on growth and yield of maize (Zea mays L.) in soils of Midwestern Nigeria. Plant and Food Hum Nutrition. 2001;56(4): 313-324.

Merki N, Schutze-Kraff R, Arias. Influence of fertilizer level on phytoremediation of crude oil contaminated soils. The Tropical Brachiaria Brizantha (HO Chst. EX A Rich) Staff. In phytoremediation of petroleum contaminated soil. Merki. N. (ed). Margraf Publisher Weiker Shim. 2005;71-83.

Okolo JC, Amadi EN, Odu CTI. Effects of soil treatment containing poultry manure on crude oil degradation in sandy loam soil. Applied Environmental Research. 2005;3(1):47-53.

Ayolagha GA, Foby IB, Uganiegbnam EE. Total hydrocarbon content as a tool soil pollution mapping of okobo flood plain in Rivers State of Nigeria. Proceedings of the 30thSociety of Nigeria Annual conference of Soil Science. 2006;320-327.

Amadi A, Dickson A, Mate A. Remediation of oil polluted soil. Effect of organic and inorganic nutrients supplements on the performance of maize (Zea mays L). Water, Air and Soil Pollution. 1993;6:55-76.

Mansur M, Arias EM, Copa-Patino JL, Flardh M, Gonzalez AE. The white rot fungus Pleurotus osteatus secretes Laccase isozymes with different substrates specificities. Mycologia. 2003;6: 1013-1020.

Oyedele AO, Amoo LA. Remediation of crude oil polluted soil using cow dung manure in relation to the growth of maize (Zea mays L). Canadian Open Agriculture and Soil Science Journal. 2014;1(1): 1-16.

Maher MJ, Magenta. Solving the spent mushroom compost problem: In Staunton, L and Grant, J (ed). Advances in Mushroom Production. Teagasc, Dublin, Ireland; 1997.

Urunmtsoma SOP, Ikhuoria EU, Okjeimen. Chemical fractionation and heavy metal accumulation in maize (Zea mays L), grown on chromate copper arsenate contaminated soil amended with cow dung manure. International Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Research. 2010;1(6):65-73.

Akpoveta OV, Eghareuba FM, Weltime OK, Ize I, Enyemike ED. Microbial degradation and its kinetic on crude oil polluted soil. Resource Journal, Chemical Science. 2011;16:8-14.

Cook FD, West W, Lake DWS. Biodegradability of Northern crude oils. ALUR, 75-81. Indian and Northern Affairs publication, 8116-000 E E-AL University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada; 1976.

Gbarakoro TN, Chukwumati JA. Impact of spent mushroom substrate on soil microarthropods in spent automobile lubricant habitat-types at University farm, University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria. International Journal of Environment and Pollution Research. 2016;4(4):13-23.

Hutchinson SL, Banks MK, Schwab AP. Phytoremediation of aged petroleum sludge: Effect of inorganic fertilizer. Journal of Environmental Quality. 2001;30:395-403.