Development of Power Operated Portable Sesame Thresher for Small Farmers

Main Article Content

P. Dhananchezhiyan
M. Venkatesh
M. Vanitha
D. Thamizhagan
S. Theliban

Abstract

Threshing of sesame seeds from the harvested capsules is one of the important operations and it consumes more labor, time and cost. Hence the development of a power operated portable sesame thresher is timely essential for the small farmers. The physical properties of sesame seeds namely size of the seed, Number of seeds per capsule, 1000 grain weight and length and thickness of capsules were studied for developing a power operated portable sesame thresher. The most popular variety used in Tamil Nadu is TMV 7. The average length and thickness of capsules were measured as 35 and 12 mm respectively. The average number of seeds in single capsule was determined as 60. The average 1000 grain weight was determined as 3.1 g. and the average size of the seed is 3×1.8× 0.9 mm. Based on these results the portable sesame thresher was fabricated based on double roller (two rollers are rotating with opposite direction) mechanism with an overall size of 1392 ×700 ×1170 mm and its performance was assessed in terms of threshing efficiency, output capacity, saving in cost and time and compared with conventional methods of manual threshing. The developed portable power sesame thresher was field tested and its threshing efficiency and seed output capacity were 96.7% and 18.2 kg h-1, respectively. The saving in cost and time were 92 and 72% respectively as compared to conventional method of manual threshing.

Keywords:
Sesame, thresher, roller, threshing efficiency, output capacity.

Article Details

How to Cite
Dhananchezhiyan, P., Venkatesh, M., Vanitha, M., Thamizhagan, D., & Theliban, S. (2020). Development of Power Operated Portable Sesame Thresher for Small Farmers. Advances in Research, 20(4), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.9734/air/2019/v20i430165
Section
Original Research Article

References

Annual statistical abstract of Tamil Nadu. Ministry of Agriculture. Government of Tamil Nadu; 2005.

Zebib H, Bultosa G, Abera S. Physico-chemical properties of sesame varieties grown in northern area, Ethiopia. Agricultural Sciences. 2015;6:238-246.

Darvishi H. Moisture-dependent physical and mechanical properties of white sesame seed. American-Eurasian. J. Agric. & Environ. Sci. 2012;12(2):198-203.

Yilmaz D, Akinci I, Cagirgan MI. Effect of some threshing parameters on sesame separation. Agricultural Engineering International: The CIGR Ejournal. 2008;10: 08004.

Hyun KN. Separation characteristic of shatter resistant sesame after threshing. Journal of Biosystems Engineering. 2014; 39(4):299-303.

Olugboji OA. Development of a Rice Threshing Machine. AU JT. 2004;8(2):75-80.

Abhishek P, Stevens RM. Performance evaluation of high capacity multi crop thresher on ‘gram’ crop. International Journal of Agricultural Engineering. 2016; 9(1):94-101.

Lee JS, Kim, KB. Development of shattering machine for sesame (iii)-fabrication and evaluation of the final machine. Biosystems Engineering. 2009;34(6):425-433.

Tiwari RK, Din M, Kumar M. Power threshers for effective threshing of crops since green revolution-a review. International Journal of Agriculture Sciences. 2018;10(15):6793-6795.

Naik RK, Patel S, Verma AK, Srivastva AK. Effect of crop and machine parameters on performance of paddy thresher. Agri-cultural Engineering Today. 2010; 34(1).

IS 11234:1985 Test codes for power thresher for groundnut.

Indian directorate of economics and statistics. India sesame Estimates. Government of India; 2000.
Available:http://agricoop.gov.in/sites/default/files/agristatglance2018.pdf

Indian Standard: 9129:1979. Technical requirements for safe feeding systems for power threshers.

BIS IS 9164: 1979 (R2002). Guide for estimating cost of farm machinery operation.